gliadin


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Related to gliadin: Glutenin

gliadin

 [gli´ah-din]
a protein in wheat that contains the toxic factor associated with celiac disease.

gli·a·din

(glī'ă-din),
A class of protein, separable from wheat and rye glutens; a member of the prolamins (proline-rich proteins), which are insoluble in water, absolute alcohol, and neutral solvents, but soluble in 50-90% alcohol.

gliadin

/gli·a·din/ (-din) a protein present in wheat; it contains the toxic factor associated with celiac disease.

gliadin

(glī′ə-dĭn)
n.
Any of several prolamin proteins present in wheat grains, and constituting a component of wheat gluten. Gliadins can cause celiac disease in susceptible individuals by inducing a destructive immune response in the small intestine.

gliadin

[glī′ədin]
Etymology: Gk, glia, glue
a fraction of the gluten protein that is found in wheat and rye and to a lesser extent in barley and oats. Its solubility in diluted alcohol distinguishes it from another grain protein, glutenin. Those with celiac disease are sensitive to this substance, and it is excluded from their diet. See also celiac disease.

gli·a·din

(glī'ă-din)
A class of protein, separable from wheat and rye glutens, which contains up to 40% l-glutamine; a member of the prolamins, which are insoluble in water, absolute alcohol, and neutral solvents, but soluble in 50-90% alcohol.

gliadin

One of the two main components of wheat protein and the one that contains the factor responsible for damaging the intestinal lining and causing COELIAC DISEASE.

gliadin (glī´ədin),

n a protein substance that is obtained from wheat and rye. Its solubility in diluted alcohol distinguishes gliadin from glutenin.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is the common simple explanation, but it is so much more complicated than that--it has to do with the peptides within the gluten protein, glutenin and gliadin, and how in the autoimmune form, celiac disease, the villi become damaged.
GliSODin, a vegetal sod with gliadin, as preventative agent vs.
Next, many people do not have celiac disease but just non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), an ongoing immune reaction to gluten in the diet usually detected as an immune response or sensitivity against the gliadin fractions of wheat, barley, rye: gliadin, hordein, and secalin.
Use of phage display technique for detection of epitopes recognized by polyclonal rabbit gliadin antibodies.
Gliadin is a prime example of an antigen that cross-reacts with other foods, as well as with human tissue antigens, causing symptoms of celiac disease beyond the gut.
This could explain the increased number of T and B lymphocytes in the oral mucosa of CD patients testing negative by AEA, even in the presence of strict GFD or during supramucosal gliadin challenge (16,17).
In cases of celiac disease, IgA antibodies against both gliadin and transglutaminase are diagnostic markers, both in saliva and in blood.
One notable therapeutic failure in our search was using a gliadin remedy, which promised improved liver enzymes levels in hepatitis.
The new tests add to Neogen's line of food allergen test kits, which includes rapid tests for peanuts, milk, eggs, almonds, and gliadin (gluten).
The presence of antigliadin antibodies in the bloodstream indicates that gliadin is reaching the bloodstream.
AT-1001's inhibitory effect is most likely related to its capacity to prevent zonulin binding to its receptor on the lining of the gut, reducing exposure to gliadin and immune activation," stated Blake Paterson, M.
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis may cause elevated gliadin antibodies.