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(1) Information, including verifiable facts and data that support a practice or belief.

Evidence for Interferon Dose Effect: European-North American Comparative Efficacy. A clinical trial comparing 2 formulations of interferon beta-1a—Avonex and Rebif—in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis.

Rebif was approved by the FDA based on its “clear superiority” in the EVIDENCE trial.


In forensic medicine, all the tangible items and record materials pertinent to the legal considerations.

anecdotal evidence

Evidence based on anecdotes arising from the analysis of individual clinical cases, rather than the study of scientifically randomized groups of patients. Such evidence may be true or false, but it is always unreliable because it is based on hearsay, faulty reasoning, or other cause.

material evidence

In medicolegal considerations, such things as facts, medical records, documents, or expert testimony that are important to proving or disproving matters of dispute.


n the proof presented at a trial by the parties through witnesses, records, documents, and concrete objects for the purpose of inducing the court or jury to believe their contentions.
evidence, radiographic,
n the shadow images depicted in radiographs.


any thing properly presented to a court which will assist it to make a decision in a case. Testimony is evidence given orally.

Patient discussion about evidence

Q. Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question? Can acupuncture help reduce the pain in fibromyalgia? Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question?

A. Yes, acupuncture therapy can reduce the fatigue, widespread pain and sleep problems associated with fibromyalgia. If acupuncture can be used in place of pain reliever then its good as the side effect associated with pain relievers are reduced.

Q. Are vitamins really helpful? Last week some guy in the mall tried to sell me pills of “multi vitamins” and told me that these vitamins will protect my heart and brain. I told him that I never heard of such things, but he kept claiming that many researches and studies proved that vitamins are very helpful - is it true?

A. Regardless of whether they would make you immortal (or just impoverished ? ) you should consult your doctor before you start to take any medications (including herbs and vitamins), since they may interfere with medications your doctor prescribed you.

Q. Is it really working? My boyfriend practice Chinese medicine and he always advocate Chinese medicine and brings many examples in which regular medicine failed for many years and one treatment of acupuncture cured the problem. I know it sounds convincing, but maybe these stories are misleading? I find it hard to believe in this meridian thing. It seems just like an old and out-of-date theory. What do you think?

A. As a successful practicing doctor of Chinese medicine I can tell you this: it doesn't matter what a patient believes if the diagnosis and treatment is correct. I treat patients every day who benefit from treatment as seen by objective sign and symptom changes. I am not providing new-age this or that, or ambient music, or BS talk. It's a standardized form of medicine with a complete theory at its foundation. Those who say otherwise are uneducated, inexperienced, and full of empty speculative opinions. This is real clinical experience talking, having worked and practiced in 5 clinics with vastly different patient demographics.

More discussions about evidence
References in periodicals archive ?
On Thursday he broke down in tears when giving evidence about the collapse of the company at the centre of the fraud allegations.
Judge Murphy told Blackfriars crown court in South East London that the defendant, named only as "D" in the judgment, will also have the option of giving evidence via a TV link.
Helen Allison, aged 52, lodged a complaint about a meeting 48 hours before giving evidence at the Court of Session in Edinburgh last month.
At the last minute, Adam pleads guilty ( and I'm spared giving evidence.
She says the pressure of going to court and giving evidence in the witness box was difficult for the witnesses to do.
A MUSLIM woman is to be forced to remove her full-face veil when she is giving evidence at her trial, a judge ruled yesterday.
Judge Murphy said that when the woman is asked to take off the niqab ahead of giving evidence, she should be given some time to reflect.
AN INVESTIGATION was ordered after a protester burst into the Leveson Inquiry as Tony Blair was giving evidence and yelled "this man should be arrested for war crimes".
Giving evidence earlier in the trial, Mr Dick, a farmer, of Elgin, said Fraser told him he'd paid a hitman pounds 15,000 to kill his wife and that her body had been burned.
Perth Judge Shauna Deane ruled that it would be inappropriate for the woman, identified in court only as Tasneem, to be completely veiled while giving evidence because the jury needed to see her face to help assess her evidence.
Lee Forde, former events manager, spent 90 minutes yesterday afternoon giving evidence to the Standards Board for England at Liverpool's Marriott Hotel.
The 54-year-old star was giving evidence in the trial of Lee O'Brien, 23, of Carnarvon Road, Walton, who allegedly made a false sex claim against the entertainer in order to get attention and publicity.