gibbosity


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kyphosis

 [ki-fo´sis]
abnormally increased convex curvature of the thoracic spine as seen from the side; it may be the result of an acquired disease, an injury, or a congenital disorder or disease. It never develops from poor posture. One of the most common causes is postmenopausal osteoporosis accompanied by anterior vertebral body wedge-compression fractures. adj., adj kyphot´ic.

Kyphosis sometimes occurs with certain forms of poliomyelitis and with diseases that cause bone destruction, as happens in osteitis deformans (paget's disease). An injury, such as a fracture of the spine, treated improperly or not at all, may also result in hunchback. Some rare cases are caused by congenital deformities and diseases. One example, achondroplasia, or fetal rickets, is a congenital bone disorder that affects growth and bone formation. There are no specific symptoms besides back pain and increasing immobility of the spine. Symptoms vary with the cause, and any back pain or injury should be investigated.
Kyphosis. From Frazier et al., 1996.

gibbosity

/gib·bos·i·ty/ (gĭ-bos´it-e) the condition of being humped; kyphosis.

gibbosity

(gĭ-bŏs′ĭ-tē)
n. pl. gibbosi·ties
A rounded hump or protuberance.

gibbosity

the condition of being humped; kyphosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
elytron with basal gibbosity elevated to strongly elevated; striae 3 and 4 curved basad; striae 7-9 limited basally by humeral gibbosity usually elevated; interestriae 3, 5, 7 and 9 with or without conspicuous gibbosities; interstria 10 with basal sulcus (figs.
Ibrahim added that the team carried out two voluntary projects since its establishment, indicating that the first one aimed to increase health awareness of gibbosity and scoliosis diseases among the youth between ages 12 and 18 given that school bags and desks are among their main causes.
Specifically, the phallosoma has a strong gibbosity to the right and ventrally in N.