giant cell arteritis


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arteritis

 [ahr″ter-i´tis] (pl. arteri´tides)
inflammation of an artery.
aortic arch arteritis pulseless disease.
brachiocephalic arteritis pulseless disease.
cranial arteritis temporal arteritis.
giant cell arteritis temporal arteritis.
hemolytic arteritis, microangiopathic pulseless disease.
arteritis obli´terans endarteritis obliterans.
rheumatic arteritis generalized inflammation of arterioles and arterial capillaries occurring in rheumatic fever.
Takayasu's arteritis pulseless disease.
temporal arteritis a chronic vascular disease of unknown origin, occurring in the elderly, characterized by severe headache, fever, and accumulation of giant cells in the walls of medium-sized arteries, especially the temporal arteries. Ocular involvement may cause visual impairment or blindness.

tem·po·ral ar·te·ri·tis

[MIM*187360]
a subacute, granulomatous arteritis involving the external carotid arteries, especially the temporal artery; occurs in old people and may be manifested by constitutional symptoms, particularly severe headache, and sometimes sudden unilateral blindness. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate is always elevated. Shares many of the symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica.

giant cell arteritis

A condition that affects people > age 50, incidence 18:100,000/yr, characterised by arterial vasculitis; it can lead to blindness and/or stroke
Diagnosis Arterial biopsy
Management High dose corticosteroids

giant cell arteritis

Cranial arteritis, Horton's disease, temporal arteritis Neurology A condition that affects > age 50, incidence 18:100,000/yr, characterized by arterial vasculitis; it can lead to blindness and/or stroke Clinical New-onset headache, scalp tenderness, jaw claudication, polymyalgia rheumatica Diagnosis Arterial Bx Management High dose corticosteroids. See Vasculitis.

tem·po·ral ar·ter·i·tis

(tem'pŏr-ăl ahr'tĕr-ī'tis)
A subacute, granulomatous arteritis involving the external carotid arteries, especially the temporal artery; occurs in elderly people and may be manifested by constitutional symptoms, particularly severe headache, and sometimes sudden unilateral blindness. Shares many of the symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica.
Synonym(s): cranial arteritis, giant cell arteritis, Horton arteritis.

giant cell arteritis

See TEMPORAL ARTERITIS.

Giant cell arteritis

Also called temporal arteritis. A condition which causes the inflammation of temporal arteries. It can cause blindness when the inflammation effects the ophthalmic artery.

arteritis, temporal 

An inflammatory disease of the wall of arteries, mainly of the extracranial vessels, which occurs in people who are over 60 years of age. The condition is characterized by headache and pain in muscles and joints, such as those of the jaws, tender or non-pulsating temporal artery, and sometimes fever. A sudden loss of vision in one eye (amaurosis fugax) may occur in the first few weeks after the onset of the disease due to an occlusion of either the central retinal artery or of the short posterior ciliary arteries that supply the optic nerve. Prompt administration of systemic corticosteroids (e.g. hydrocortisone) has been found to be of great value in the management of this condition. Syn. giant cell arteritis (strictly speaking this term is usually reserved for a more generalized condition). See amaurosis fugax; ischaemic optic neuropathy; Adie's pupil.

arteritis

inflammation of an artery. See also endarteritis, periarteritis nodosa.

elaeophoral arteritis
equine viral arteritis
see equine viral arteritis.
giant cell arteritis
temporal arteritis.
mycotic arteritis
usually results from extension of an infection by Mucor spp. which produce a necrotizing, thrombotic arteritis.
arteritis obliterans
endarteritis obliterans.
uremic arteritis
occurs in acute renal failure in the dog. Often accompanied by an endocarditis.
verminous arteritis
see verminous mesenteric arteritis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Large-vessel involvement in giant cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica.
Giant cell arteritis presenting as a breast lesion: report of a case and review of the literature.
Giant cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica in northwestern Turkey: Clinical features and epidemiological data.
Country y/sex Disease 1 France 66/M ANCA-associated vasculitis 2 Israel 56/M Rheumatoid arthritis 3 Italy 35/M Behcet disease 4 Spain 50/M Rheumatoid arthritis 5 Italy 60/M Polyarteritis nodosa 6 Spain 55/M Psoriatic arthritis 7 Italy 76/M ANCA-associated vasculitis 8 France 53/F Rheumatoid arthritis 9 Italy 69/F Rheumatoid arthritis 10 Greece 60/F Rheumatoid arthritis 11 France 9/F Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis 12 Greece 45/M Psoriatic arthritis 13 Greece 65/F Rheumatoid arthritis 14 Greece 71/F Giant cell arteritis 15 Greece 55/M Ankylosing spondylitis Other immunosuppressive Anti-TNF treatment treatments Patient Duration, Duration, no.
Giant cell arteritis is a chronic vasculitis of medium- and large-size vessels, especially the cranial branches of arteries that originate from the aortic arch, said Dr.
Other common symptoms of giant cell arteritis include jaw claudication, which occurs in about 40%, and fatigue and fever.
6/million (with the exclusion of giant cell arteritis and cutaneous vasculitis) (Watts and Scott 1997).
While more than 100 different forms of arthritis exist, the first part of the book is organized as a review of the most common forms, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gouty arthritis, polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis, cervical and lumbar disk problems, and osteoporosis.
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a condition in which certain arteries become inflamed.
Q: My wife has neuropathy and giant cell arteritis.
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a chronic medium and large vessel granulomatous vasculitis with a predilection for involvement of extracranial branches of carotid arteries, usually seen at the age of 70-80 years.