germ layer


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Related to germ layer: germ layer theory

layer

 [la´er]
a thin, flat plate or stratum of a composite structure; called also lamina.
ameloblastic layer the inner layer of cells of the enamel organ, which forms the enamel prisms of the teeth.
abrasion layer a protective covering of gelatin enclosing an emulsion on x-ray film; called also overcoat.
bacillary layer layer of rods and cones.
basal layer of endometrium the deepest layer of the uterine endometrium; it provides the regenerative endometrium after menstrual loss of the functional layer.
basal layer of epidermis stratum basale.
blastodermic layer germ layer.
clear layer stratum lucidum.
columnar layer mantle layer.
compact layer of endometrium a sublayer of the functional layer of endometrium, which faces the lumen of the uterus and contains the necks of the uterine glands.
enamel layer the outermost layer of cells of the enamel organ.
functional layer of endometrium the layer of endometrium facing the lumen of the uterus; its cells are cast off at menstruation and childbirth. Sublayers are the compact layer and the spongy layer. It is known as the decidua during pregnancy.
ganglionic layer of cerebellum the thin middle gray layer of the cortex of the cerebellum, consisting of a single layer of Purkinje cells.
germ layer (germ cell layer) any of the three primary layers of cells formed in the early development of the embryo (ectoderm, entoderm, and mesoderm), from which the organs and tissues develop.
germinative layer stratum germinativum.
granular layer
2. the deep layer of the cortex of the cerebellum.
3. the layer of follicle cells lining the theca of the vesicular ovarian follicle.
half-value layer the thickness of a given substance which, when introduced in the path of a given beam of rays, will reduce its intensity by one half.
Henle's layer the outermost layer of the inner root sheath of the hair follicle.
horny layer
2. the outer, compact layer of the nail.
malpighian layer stratum germinativum.
mantle layer the middle layer of the wall of the primordial neural tube, containing primordial nerve cells and later forming the gray matter of the central nervous system.
nervous layer all of the retina except the pigment layer; the inner layer of the optic cup.
odontoblastic layer the epithelioid layer of odontoblasts in contact with the dentin of teeth.
Ollier's layer the innermost layer of the periosteum.
prickle-cell layer stratum spinosum.
layer of rods and cones the layer of the nervous part of the retina, located between the pigmented part and the external limiting membrane, containing the sensory elements, the rods and cones.
spinous layer stratum spinosum.
spongy layer of endometrium a sublayer of the functional layer of endometrium, underlying the compact layer and containing the tortuous portions of the uterine glands.
subendocardial layer the layer of loose fibrous tissue uniting the endocardium and myocardium.
subepicardial layer the layer of loose connective tissue uniting the epicardium and myocardium.
zonal layer of thalamus a layer of myelinated fibers covering the dorsal surface of the thalamus.

germ lay·er

one of the three primordial cell layers (ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm) established in an embryo during gastrulation.

germ layer

n.
Any of three cellular layers, the ectoderm, endoderm, or mesoderm, into which most animal embryos differentiate and from which the organs and tissues of the body develop through further differentiation.

germ layer

one of the three primordial cell layers formed during gastrulation in the early stages of embryonic development from which the entire range of body tissue is derived. Each germ layer has the potential for forming different cell types that differentiate into the various structures of the body. See also ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm.

germ lay·er

(jĕrm lāĕr)
One of the three primordial cell layers (ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm) established in an embryo during gastrulation.

germ layer

Any one of three layers of tissue, the ectoderm, the mesoderm and the endoderm, into which the embryo differentiates.

germ layer

any of the three embryonic layers of cells, ECTODERM, ENDODERM or MESODERM, that can be distinguished during development of the GASTRULA and for a short period after its formation.

germ lay·er

(jĕrm lāĕr)
One of three primordial cell layers established in an embryo during gastrulation.

layer

1. stratum; a sheetlike mass of tissue of nearly uniform thickness, several of which may be superimposed, one above the other, as in the epidermis.
2. a commercial fowl which is laying eggs, i.e. a female of more than about 5 months of age, up to the stage of being a 'spent hen' suitable only for slaughter.

basal layer
1. the deepest layer of the epidermis. See also stratum basale.
2. the deepest layer of the uterine mucosa.
blastodermic layer
germ layer (see below).
clear layer
stratum lucidum; the clear translucent layer of the epidermis, just beneath the horny layer.
columnar layer
1. layer of rods and cones.
2. mantle layer.
compact layer
the layer of the endometrium nearest the surface, containing the necks of the uterine glands.
functional layer
the compact and spongy layers of the endometrium considered together.
cerebellar ganglionic layer
the thin middle gray layer of the cortex of the cerebellum, consisting of a single layer of Purkinje cells.
germ layer
any of the three primary layers of cells formed in the early development of the embryo (ectoderm, entoderm and mesoderm), from which the organs and tissues develop.
germinative layer
any proliferative layer such as the basal layer of the epidermis or the lower layer of the claw, from which the claw grows.
granular layer
1. the layer of epidermis between the clear and prickle-cell layers; called also stratum granulosum.
2. the deep layer of the cortex of the cerebellum.
3. the layer of follicle cells lining the theca of the vesicular ovarian follicle.
horny layer
1. stratum corneum; the outermost layer of the epidermis, consisting of dead and desquamating cells.
2. the outer, compact layer of the claw, etc.
keratohyaline layer
granular layer (1).
mantle layer
the middle layer of the wall of the primitive neural tube, containing primitive nerve cells and later forming the gray matter of the central nervous system.
nervous layer
all of the retina except the pigment layer; the inner layer of the optic cup.
prickle-cell layer
stratum spinosum; the layer of the epidermis between the granular and basal layers, marked by the presence of prickle cells.
layer of rods and cones
a layer of the retina immediately beneath the pigment epithelium, between it and the external limiting membrane, containing the rods and cones.
spinous layer
prickle-cell layer.
spongy layer
the middle layer of the endometrium, containing the tortuous portions of the uterine glands.
subendocardial layer
the layer of loose fibrous tissue uniting the endocardium and myocardium.
zonal layer of thalamus
a layer of myelinated fibers covering the dorsal surface of the thalamus.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ability of phESC lines to form derivates from three germ layers that lead to all the cells found in a human body was proven by subcutaneous injection of the phESC into immunodeficient rats and mice and the subsequent formation of complex tissue structures called teratomas.
After successive passages in culture, PGCs developed into pluripotent stem cells -- cells having certain characteristics including identifiable surface markers, normal chromosome structure, the ability to replicate and the capability to differentiate into cells representing the three germ layers -- endoderm (gut epithelium), mesoderm (striated muscle) and ectoderm (neural epithelium).
Additionally, their inability to accurately determine cell lines' propensity to differentiate into one of the three primary cell germ layers has contributed to major hurdles that impede stem cell technology from moving into the clinic.
Subcutaneous transplantation of iPS cells into nude mice resulted in tumors containing a variety of tissues from all three germ layers.
Our study demonstrated that both neural stem cells (NSCs) and adipose tissue-derived cells (ADCs) from adult mice expressed genetic pluripotency and could differentiate into the three germ layers, endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm.
1) Like their embryonic counterparts, these induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) were capable of forming all three germ layers both in vitro and in immuno-deficient mice, demonstrating their remarkable pluripotential character.
In 2006, at the age of 15, Lupita was diagnosed with an ovarian teratoma (a congenital tumor containing one or more of three embryonic germ layers, occurring mainly in young women).
Embryonic stem cells are able to differentiate into the cells of the three primary germ layers including germ cells.
After examining the anatomical, experimental, and genetic approaches to studying the initiation and construction of organisms, this textbook describes early embryonic development, the tissues formed by the vertebrate ectoderm, formation of the mesodermal and endodermal germ layers, and sex determination.