2+] can affect the geranial
and neral of Lemon balm and the same response can probably be found in other essential oils that have adapted to local soils or have high requirements for [Cu.
This is the first time that a geranial
plus carvenone L.
With main lead essential oil molecules identified as geraniol, geranial
and neral as confirmed by GC-MS analysis; it has already been elucidated that these compounds exhibit high antimicrobial activities against various Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, as well as against the yeast Candida (Jirovetz et al.
Most of these reports indicate that neral and geranial
are the main characteristic constituents of C.
It is a nature mixture of the isomeric acyclic aldehydes geranial
(trans-citral, citral A) and neral (cis-citral, citral B).
The analyses indicated the monoterpene citral, a mixture of the stereoisomers geranial
The taste of ginger is mainly affected by monoterpenes (camphen, limonen, myrcen, [beta]-phellandren and [alpha]-pinen, borneol, 1,8-cineol, citronellol, geranial
, geraniol, gerany-lacetate, linalool, neral and others).