geographic distribution of disease

geographic distribution of disease

The relationship between the prevalence of a disease and specific geographical-environmental conditions. For example, goiter occurs in inland iodine-deficient areas of the U.S., and pulmonary hypertension occurs in those who reside at high altitude. Certain infectious diseases, such as leprosy, leishmaniasis, and Chagas disease, are endemic in specific tropical or subtropical areas.
References in periodicals archive ?
The introduction and implementation of GIS technology in public health and epidemiology has benefited analysis of the prevalence and geographic distribution of disease outbreaks in a space-time sense (Lawson &Williams 2001, 107).
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