genu valgum

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Related to genu valgum: genu varum


 [je´nu] (pl. ge´nua) (L.)
genu extror´sum genu varum.
genu intror´sum genu valgum.
genu recurva´tum hyperextensibility of the knee joint.
genu val´gum a childhood deformity, developing gradually, in which the knees rub together or “knock” in walking and the ankles are far apart; the most common causes are irregularity in growth of the long bones of the lower limb (sometimes from injury to the bone ends at the knee) and weak ligaments. The weight of the body, which is not supported properly, turns the knees in and the weak lower legs buckle until the ankles are spread far apart. See illustration. Called also knock-knee.

Genu valgum in young children varies in seriousness. Milder cases may disappear after early childhood as bones, ligaments, and muscles strengthen and coordination improves. More serious cases can often be corrected by strengthening exercises and by proper manipulation of the joints. Sometimes braces are used to ensure the proper alignment of growing legs. In a very young child, genu valgum involves only the soft bone ends where the bone grows. If allowed to continue for a number of years, the condition can lead to abnormal developments in body structure. The sooner corrective measures are taken, the more effective the treatment is likely to be.
Genu varum and genu valgum. From Copstead and Banasik, 2000.
genu va´rum an outward curvature of one or both lower limbs near the knee; see illustration. Called also bowleg.

ge·nu val·'gum

a deformity marked by lateral angulation of the leg in relation to the thigh.
Synonym(s): knock-knee, tibia valga

genu valgum

Etymology: L, genu, knee, valgus, bent inward
a deformity in which the legs are curved inward at the knee so that the knees are close together and strike each other as the person walks, and the ankles are widely separated. Also called knock-knee, valgus deformity.
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Genu valgum
An internal deviation of the knee joint and outward angulation of the lower legs—the knees touch, the ankles are separated; some degree of knock knee is present in all children from 2 to 6 years of age; most autocorrect with time. The degree of knock knee is determined by measuring the distance between the medial malleoli—ankles; knock knee may be seen in Ellis-van Creveld syndrome, rickets, or a complication of epiphysiodesis

genu valgum

Knock knees Orthopedics A frontal plane deformity at the knee in which the distal tibia is directed away from the midline/median sagittal plane; GV is usually associated with coxa vara–the knees are together and ankles apart and the Pt has an awkward gait, where the knees rubbing together ↑ side-to-side movement of the pelvis and trunk. See Coxa vara.

ge·nu val·gum

(jē'nyū val'gŭm)
A deformity marked by lateral angulation of the leg in relation to the thigh.
Synonym(s): knock-knee, tibia valga.


(je'nu) plural.genua [L.]
1. The knee.
2. Any structure of angular form resembling a bent knee.
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genu recurvatum

Hyperextension at the knee joint.
See: illustration

genu valgum

Valgus knee.

genu varum

Varus knee.

genu valgum

Knock knee. Some degree of genu valgum occurs normally in about one infant in five but this has usually corrected itself spontaneously by the age of seven. It may also be caused by RICKETS and is not uncommon in RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.

Genu valgum

Deformity in which the legs are curved inward so that the knees are close together, nearly or actually knocking as a person walks with ankles widely apart of each other.
Mentioned in: Heel Spurs

genu valgum

; knock knee frontal-plane deformity characterized by lower-leg abduction (in relation to thigh) characterized by medial loading of foot, and foot inversion (supination) in relation to lower leg (see knee joint, knock)


pl. genua [L.] the knee.

genu extrorsum
genu of facial nerve
the bend in the facial nerve at the lateral end of the internal acoustic meatus.
genu introrsum
genu recurvatum
hyperextensibility of the knee joint.
genu valgum
genu varum
References in periodicals archive ?
It can be assumed that genu valgum can be a consequence of weight bearing by weakened bones.
All the cases reported so far had genu valgum, solitary parathyroid adenomas and none of the cases have an association with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN-1/MEN-2A).
Genu valgum and primary hyperparathyroidism in children.
Measure the degree of genu valgum with a goniometer on the lateral side of the thigh-leg, the distance between the medial maleolli with the knee just touching.
Asymmetry or unilateral involvement of the knee is suggestive of pathologic genu valgum.
Tibia valga, or greenstick fracture of the medial part of the proximal tibial metaphysic cause genu valgum at the proximal tibia [39] whereas in ligamentus hyperlaxity, congenital longitudinal deficiency of the fibula, or rheumatoid arthritis of the knee, it is at the knee and in metabolic bone disease and bone dysplasia at the distal femur or in both femur and the tibia.
Imaging findings: In developmental genu valgum the epiphysis, physis, and metaphysis are normal.
DISCUSSION: The central focus of this case is the surgical care of the genu valgum deformity.
As a result of bone and joint abnormalities, MPS VI patients often develop hip dysplasia, genu valgum, growth retardation, and gross abnormalities of the spine such as kyphosis or scoliosis.
Ogilvie, Genu valgum deformity in Hurler syndrome after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: correction by surgical intervention, J PediatrOrthop 19(1999), 270-274.
Radiographs of both knees (AP and Lateral) showed absence of both patellae and mild genu valgum deformity.
There are few additional clinical signs & symptoms like muscle weakness, joint pain, genu valgum but no Kypho- scoliosis, limited extension of elbow, corneal diameter-13 mm or more, deep anterior chamber, high myopia and astigmatism without lens subluxation (9).