gentian


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Related to gentian: gentian violet

gentian

 [jen´shan]
the dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea.
gentian violet an antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic dye, applied topically in the treatment of infections of the skin and mucous membranes associated with gram-positive bacteria and molds and also used to treat banked blood drawn from patients in areas endemic for Chagas' disease, to kill trypanosomes in the blood.

gen·tian

, gentian root (jen'shŭn, gen'shŭn rūt),
The dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea (family Gentianaceae), an herb of southern and central Europe; a simple bitter.

gentian

/gen·tian/ (jen´shin) the dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea; used as a bitter tonic.
gentian violet  an antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic dye, applied topically in the treatment of infections of the skin and mucous membranes associated with gram-positive bacteria and molds; also used to treat blood collected in areas endemic for Chagas' disease.

gentian

(jĕn′shən)
n.
1. Any of numerous plants of the family Gentianaceae and especially the genus Gentiana, characteristically having opposite leaves and showy, often blue flowers.
2. The dried rhizome and roots of a yellow-flowered European gentian, G. lutea, sometimes used as a tonic.

gentian

A perennial herb that contains gentiopicrin, gentiamarin, gentisin, gentianose, triterpenes, volatile oil and xanthones.
 
Chinese medicine
Gentian root is anti-inflammatory and antipyretic, and is used to treat cholecystitis, diabetes mellitus, diarrhoea, gallstones, jaundice, and ocular and rheumatic pain. 

Herbal medicine
Gentian is used in Western herbal medicine as a digestive tonic to increase the appetite, peristalsis and flow of bile.
 
Toxic effects
Vomiting.

gen·tian

, gentian root (jen'shŭn rūt)
The dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea (family Gentianaceae), an herb of southern and central Europe; a simple bitter.

gentian (jenˑ·shn),

n Latin names:
Gentiana lutea L.,
Gentiana acaulis L.; parts used: roots, rhizomes; uses: appetite stimulant, digestive ailments; precautions: pregnancy, children; patients with chronic upset stomachs, ulcers, or liver disease; can cause headaches and nausea. Also called
bitter root, bitterwort, feltwort, and
gall weed.

gentian

the dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea; has been used as a bitter tonic.

gentian violet
an antibacterial, antifungal and anthelmintic dye, derived from triphenylmethane; applied topically in the treatment of infections of the skin and mucous membranes associated with gram-positive bacteria and molds, and at one time administered orally for the treatment of pinworm and liver fluke infections in humans. Called also crystal violet, methylrosaniline chloride.
References in periodicals archive ?
Both have their lips coated with a layer of gentian violet and are treated with tannic acid, which "hardened into a protective shell over his raw skin" and encouraged it to heal beneath the carapace (English Patient, 48).
Minesweepers Gentian and Myrtle both sank on July 15, 1919, while on routine missions, with the loss of nine sailors.
5% solution of gentian violet, which is effective, but highly visible, exposing treated patients to social stigma.
Gentian violet, the first line medication for oral thrush in South Africa, is not preferred by the primary health clinic patients due to the visible purple stain which leads them to being stigmatized as HIV-positive.
SHIPSHAPE: Flower Class corvette HMS Gentian which was Belfast built; CREW: Len Brothers and Leslie James Owens
The FDA said that during targeted sampling from October 2006 to May 2007, it had repeatedly found farm-raised seafood imported from China to be contaminated with antimicrobial agents, namely nitrofuran, malachite green, gentian violet, and fluoroquinolone that are not approved for this use in the United States.
This volume covers the more dominant leadwort (41 species) and gentian (111 species) but also includes olive, butterfly-bush, buck-bean, dogbane, and milkweed.
Expect Gentian to prove too good for his rivals in Wolverhampton's seller on Saturday evening.
Another strategy to improve digestion is to take bitter herbs such as gentian, angelica, and century before a meal to stimulate the appetite and promote digestive secretions.
Kelsey explores mood from the sweetness of William Cullen Bryant's poem, "To the Fringed Gentian," to the expressive changing meter of Arakida Moritake's haiku, "Fallen Flowers.
dissertation on famous British spies: the Scarlet Pimpernel, the Purple Gentian and the Pink Carnation.