genotype


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genotype

 [jen″o-tīp]
1. the entire genetic constitution of an individual; also, the alleles present at one or more specific loci.
2. the type species of a genus. adj., adj genotyp´ic.

gen·o·type

(jen'ō-tīp),
1. The genetic constitution of an individual.
2. Gene combination at one specific locus or any specified combination of loci. For specific blood group genotypes, see Blood Groups Appendix.
[G. genos, birth, descent, + typos, type]

genotype

/ge·no·type/ (-tīp)
1. the entire genetic constitution of an individual; also, the alleles present at one or more specific loci.
2. the type species of a genus.genotyp´ic

genotype

(jĕn′ə-tīp′, jē′nə-)
n.
1. The genetic makeup, as distinguished from the physical appearance, of an organism or a group of organisms.
2. The combination of alleles located on homologous chromosomes that determines a specific characteristic or trait.
3. A specific combination of alleles at one or more loci on a chromosome.

gen′o·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk), gen′o·typ′i·cal adj.
gen′o·typ′i·cal·ly adv.

genotype

[jē′nōtīp′]
Etymology: Gk, genos, birth, typos, mark
1 the complete genetic constitution of an organism or group, as determined by the specific combination and location of the genes on the chromosomes.
2 the alleles situated at one or more sites on homologous chromosomes. A pair of alleles is usually designated by letters or symbols, such as AA when the alleles are identical and Aa when they are different.
3 a group or class of organisms having the same genetic makeup; the type species of a genus. Compare phenotype. genotypic, adj.

genotype

Genetics The entire genetic makeup of an organism, the type species of a genus, defined by the complement of allelic forms of each gene or genetic markers present in an organism's genome. See Gene, Genetic marker, Nucleus, Phenotype.

gen·o·type

(jē'nō-tīp)
1. The genetic constitution of an individual.
2. Gene combination at one specific locus or any specified combination of loci.
[G. genos, birth, descent, + typos, type]

genotype

1. The total genetic information contained in a cell.
2. The genetic constitution of an individual organism. Compare PHENOTYPE.

genotype

the genetic constitution of an individual, usually referring to specific CHARACTERS under consideration. Thus, the two alleles of the human albino gene can be written A and a , with three possible genotypes: a/a, A/a and A/A. See DOMINANCE (1) for the expression of the genotype in the PHENOTYPE.

genotype

genetic make-up of an individual

genotype (jēˑ·nō·tīp),

n an organism's genetic makeup.

genotype

The complete genetic constitution of an individual at a particular location (locus) in the genome. At many locations (loci) throughout the genome, the chromosomal DNA sequence differs subtly between individuals. Each of the various DNA sequences at one locus is called an allele: for instance, if there are three sequence variants present, then there are three alleles. Offspring inherit one homologous chromosome from each parent. Thus, a genotype comprises two alleles: the allele inherited from the father (carried on the paternal chromosome) and the allele inherited from the mother (carried on the maternal chromosome). See gene; phenotype.

gen·o·type

(jē'nō-tīp)
1. The genetic constitution of an individual.
2. Gene combination at one specific locus or any specified combination of loci.
[G. genos, birth, descent, + typos, type]

genotype (jē´nōtīp),

n the aggregate of ordered genes received by offspring from both parents; e.g., a person with blood group AB is of genotype AB.

genotype

1. the entire genetic constitution of an individual; also, the alleles present at one or more specific loci.
2. the type species of a genus.

genotype frequency
the proportion of the population which have the same genetic constitution.
References in periodicals archive ?
A rare genotype of Cryptococcus gattii caused the cryptococcosis outbreak on Vancouver Island (British Columbia, Canada).
Reference ompA genotype sequences A-F and the ompA sequence of the C.
Among persons with recurrent TB, if the isolates from 2 TB episodes have the same genotype, the episode is defined as an endogenous relapse; otherwise, it is defined as exogenous reinfection.
The availability of information on validated genotyping assays for variants of relevance in pharmacogenetics research through the PharmGKB website enables researchers to expedite the design and execution of genetic studies correlating genotype to drug efficacy or toxicity," said Dr.
3) proposed a new genotype, B3, after characterization of several viruses collected in 1997 and 1998 in Ghana and Nigeria.
Phylogenetic analysis of both the NS5B and Core/E1 regions showed that all viruses amplified clustered within genotype 4 (Figures 1 and 2).
parvum cattle genotype and consistent with the published patterns for Cryptosporidium felis: 426 and 390 bp with SspI digestion; 476, 182, and 104 bp with VspI (6).
In addition, protocols were developed for surveillance of genotype results and false-positive culture investigations, existing patient interview forms were modified, new databases were created, and program staff were informed through special trainings and newsletters.
The accurate identification of the HCV genotypes is an important factor in the management of HCV-infected individuals, and this new RealTime HCV Genotype test gives European laboratories an important new option for delivering highly reliable test results to patients quickly and efficiently.
The Figure shows that the 146/Kunming/04/China sequence clustered into the distinct GII genotype 7 (Leeds/90/UK cluster).
HU/5862/Osaka/JP clustered into the genogroup I genotype 8 (GI/8 the 8/DCC/Tokyo/JP/44 cluster) (Figure) by using the recent sapovirus capsid region classification (7).