genioglossus


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Related to genioglossus: hyoglossus, geniohyoid, styloglossus

ge·ni·o·glos·sus (mus·cle)

[TA]
one of the paired lingual muscles; origin, mental spine of the mandible; insertion, lingual fascia beneath the mucous membrane and epiglottis; action, depresses and protrudes the tongue; nerve supply, hypoglossal.

genioglossus

(jē′nē-ō-glŏs′əs)
n. pl. genioglos·si (-ī′)
Either of a pair of muscles that connect the jaw and tongue and that depress and protrude the tongue.

genioglossus

one of the thick, fan-shaped extrinsic muscles that depress the central part of the tongue and protrude the anterior part of the tongue out of the oral fissure. The genioglossus muscles are innervated by the hypoglossal nerves.

ge·ni·o·glos·sus mus·cle

(jē'nē-ō-glos'ŭs mŭs'ĕl)
One of the paired lingual muscles; origin, mental spine of the mandible; insertion, lingual fascia beneath the mucous membrane and epiglottis; action, depresses and protrudes the tongue; nerve supply, hypoglossal.
Synonym(s): musculus genioglossus [TA] , genioglossus, musculus geniohyoglossus.

genioglossus

One of the small extrinsic muscle of the tongue. It arises from centre of the back of the jaw bone (mandible).
References in periodicals archive ?
Worldwide, hyoid suspension surgery is usually performed along with genioglossus advancement or maxillomandibular osteotomy.
genioglossus Mandibula on Dil Dili one ic yuz asagiya cekme "dil cikartma" M.
Long-term facilitation of genioglossus activity is present in normal humans during NREM sleep.
ANTERIOR MANDIBULAR OSTEOTOMY WITH GENIOGLOSSUS ADVANCEMENT
Respiratory drive from the central pattern generator in the brainstem is a major determinant of genioglossus activity (77,78).
The lesion was below the intrinsic tongue musculature but within the mucosa overlying the extrinsic tongue musculature, abutting and possibly involving the anterior portions of the genioglossus and mylohyoid muscles (figure 1).
Normally, the diameter of the upper airway increases during inhalation and decreases during exhalation, The changes in upper airway diameter during respiration is thought to primarily result from increased activation (during inhalation) and decreased activation (during exhalation) of pharyngeal dilator muscles such as the geniohyoid, sternohyoid, genioglossus, and stylopharyngeus muscles.
lens cell skin tonsil limb lung ulna thumb molar vein spine throat muscles kidneys retina triceps sternum spleen keratin sacrum femur platelets arteries knuckle incisor intestine tibia epidermis cartilage vertebra chromosomes cornea dendrites melanin capillaries bronchi diaphragm abdomen larynx trachea thyroid glomeruli alveoli oculus mandible tricuspid cerumen esophagus talus glottis jejunum epiglottis mitochondrion coccyx hypothalamus sebum thalamus metacarpals phalanges insula intercilium xiphoid calcaneus peroneus epicondyle diencephalon brachioradialis thyrohyoideum cholangioles platysma gastrochemius acetabulum laryngopharynx sternocleidomastoid genioglossus glossopharyngeum olecranon pterygopalatine coracobrachialis iliopsoas
In normal, awake subjects, the transient application of a small NEP at the onset of resting expiration does not elicit a reflex of the genioglossus or a change in the upper airway resistance (12,13).
Impaired upper airway integrity by residual neuromuscular blockade: increased airway collapsibility and blunted genioglossus muscle activity in response to negative pharyngeal pressure.
Surgical treatment options are plentiful; they include tonsillectomy with uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (tonsillectomy/UPPP), genioglossus advancement, hyoid suspension, palatal advancement or stiffening, and tracheostomy.
lens thyroid cell glomeruli skin alveoli tonsil oculus limb mandible lung tricuspid ulna cerumen thumb esophagus molar talus vein glottis spine jejunum throat epiglottis muscles mitochondrion kidneys coccyx retina hypothalamus triceps sebum sternum thalamus spleen metacarpals keratin phalanges sacrum insula femur intercilium platelets xiphoid arteries calcaneus knuckle peroneus incisor epicondyle intestine diencephalon tibia brachioradialis epidermis thyrohyoideum cartilage cholangioles vertebra platysma chromosomes gastrocnemius cornea acetabulum dendrites laryngopharynx melanin sternocleidomastoid capillaries genioglossus bronchi glossopharyngeum diaphragm olecranon abdomen pterygopalatine larynx coracobrachialis trachea iliopsoas