genetic disorder

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genetic disorder

A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene or by a chromosomal aberration. Also called hereditary disease.

genetic disorder

ge·net·ic dis·or·der

(jĕ-net'ik dis-ōr'dĕr)
A widely used but nonetheless imprecise term that denotes a condition or illness related to biologic inheritance.

Patient discussion about genetic disorder

Q. what makes Arthritis a genetic disease?

A. First of all, the term arthritis is a bit inaccurate: Arthritis denotes an inflammation of joints. There are many kinds of arthritis that may result from different causes, and therefore, are different diseases: septic arthritis (inflammation due to infection of joint) has much less genetic background than ankylosing spondylitis (an arthritis of the lower back joints that occurs almost exclusively in people with certain genetic background).

The arthritis with the genetic background are usually the autoimmune ones: Due to genetic determinants, the immune system of some people is programmed to recognize the various parts of the joints (and other organs as well) as foreign (i.e. like bacteria) and thus launches an attack on them. In normal immune system, that doesn't happen.

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Q. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? My only son is in his teens that is the age to enjoy life, but he cannot enjoy his life with his friends because we found that he is suffering from a bipolar condition. I feel so sad for him and though my care-free days have gone, I often think about how much fun I had at his age. I too suffered from a bipolar disorder and my mom too. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? I want him to help to enjoy his life.

A. I agree with you. No one should suffer because of hereditary problems. This is the same situation here as genes are passed from generation to generation. This information is inconclusive because many who may have had bipolar disorders did not have it checked out. Who is to say, how many people 50 years ago had it but dismissed it as being moody, or ill tempered. Doctors were not aware about this problem years ago. Some time back, someone who showed signs of a mental disorder was straight away shoved into a mental hospital and left to suffer. Besides they are often treated with electric shock therapy eventually getting out of control. Testing is still in progress to find out if genetics play a role but these theories may take several more years before they can have a better understanding.

Q. Is FMS heredetery? My mother was diagnosed with FMS and I would like to know what are the chances I’ll have it too.

A. Hereditary is not the right term. It’s not a genetic disease but The cause of fibromyalgia remains elusive. However, recent studies show that genetic factors can predispose individuals to a genetic susceptibility to fibromyalgia.

More discussions about genetic disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
Al Ain: Al Jalila Foundation has donated Dh300,000 to Tawam Hospital to cover the treatment costs for patients with cancer and genetic disorders.
Last month, the European Union approved a version of NB-DNJ called miglustat for Gaucher's disease, a debilitating genetic disorder.
Thalassaemia and Down's syndrome are common genetic disorders among Indians and can be predicted by genetic testing
POMC-null obesity is a very rare, life-threatening genetic disorder for which there are no effective treatments.
According to Sinha, the genetic disorder could have led to any of the suspected diseases, such as glycogen storage which is normally diagnosed in one among 20,000 new-born babies, Tay-Sachs, Niemann-Pick or familial hypertriglyceridemia, all related to problems of metabolism.
PTC) today announced that PTC124, the company's orally delivered investigational new drug for the treatment of genetic disorders due to nonsense mutations, was featured in a symposium at Myology 2008, the Third Annual Congress of Myology, on Friday, May 30 in Marseilles.
Students are inherently interested in human genetics and genetic disorders.
She's urging offices, schools and workplaces up and down the country to register to take part in the annual fundraiser which raises millions for children with genetic disorders.
But unlike most toddlers, the Lancaster boy has speech difficulties, hearing loss, immune deficiency and growth problems - the result of a genetic disorder called DiGeorge syndrome that can cause any of about 180 abnormalities.
Sharon Terry, president of the nonprofit Genetic Alliance, commented that, until her sons were diagnosed with a genetic disorder, she "didn't know a gene from a hubcap.
00), appearing in its third edition to update details on the rapidly changing world of genetic disorder treatment options; Dawn Matthews' Child Abuse Sourcebook (0780807057, $78.
Among its many unusual symptoms, the genetic disorder called Williams syndrome robs people of depth perception and the ability to visualize how different parts assemble into larger objects, as in a simple jigsaw puzzle.