genes


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Related to genes: DNA, Hox genes

genes

agents of heredity, each located at a specific site as part of the DNA macromolecule of a specific chromosome, in the nucleus of body cells. genotype an individual's complete genetic endowment (specific genome) in the form of DNA, which largely, but not entirely, determines the individual's unique characteristics, known as the phenotype. See also performance genes.

genes

functional units of heredity and biological function occupying specific loci on specific chromosomes
  • autosomal genes genes located on any chromosome other than sex (X or Y) chromosomes

  • recessive genes see autosomal-recessive inheritance

  • sex-linked genes genes located on sex (X or Y) chromosomes

References in periodicals archive ?
Target Of Society Funded Research: MS Susceptibility Genes.
Dennis Rossi, senior vice president and general manager, Genomics for Gene Logic, said, "Our goal is to provide a complete solutions portfolio that will help our customers efficiently discover and develop new drug targets and efficacious compounds.
Further investigation pinpointed 100 genes that could be used to differentiate between DOX- and 5FU-treated samples.
We need to be superwary about trusting mitochondrial genes when it comes to reconstructing an organism's family tree," she says.
These data indicate that the serotype Paratyphi B strain contains SGI1 at the same chromosomal location as in serotype Typhimurium DT 104 or serotype Agona, that is, between the thdf and yidY genes, but lacks the retron sequence found in DT 104 strains and other serotype Typhimurium strains (7,8).
In practice, though, it is very, very difficult to get those genes into a large number of cells.
The number of common polymorphisms is similar to that of other average genes, with 41% of the total (46 of 112 SNPs) having an MAF > 5% in the PDR 90 panel.
Adding bits of DNA to some organisms, including fungi, plants, and worms, seemed to snuff out the activity of selected genes.
Final evidence for classifying the putative OPmV in a distinct phylogenetic group is the fact that the nucleotide sequences of its genes do not show substantial similarity to other paramyxoviruses (data not shown).
To express and function properly, a gene must be controlled by a segment of DNA called a promoter.
Scientists are struggling to find where genes begin and end in a strand of DNA.
Chromosome 22 contains 545 known genes and perhaps as many as 1,000 in total.