general anaesthesia


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general anaesthesia

A state of unconsciousness and immobility, brought about by drugs, so as to allow surgical operations or other physical procedures to be performed without pain or awareness. Deep levels of unconsciousness, formerly necessary to achieve the required degree of muscle relaxation, are no longer used. Light anaesthesia, associated with the use of drugs to relax muscles and prevent pain, shock and autonomic disturbance, is now standard.

The action of general anaesthetic drugs is now better understood. Pain responses are suppressed primarily at spinal cord level; hypnosis and amnesia are mediated by the brain. These drugs are now believed to operate on ion channels in nerve cells by binding directly to the protein sites. Different anaesthetic drugs bind specifically to different ion channels.

References in periodicals archive ?
A total of 180 patients aged 3 to 15 years who were treated under general anaesthesia from 2014 to 2015 were recruited for this retrospective study.
Regional block has the advantage of avoidance of general anaesthesia and anaphylaxis due to use of multiple drugs.
general anaesthesia varied substantially among the different clinics where the procedure was performed.
Growth of the global General Anaesthesia Drugs market is primarily driven by increasing incidence of surgeries related to cardiovascular diseases, accidents, carniomaxillofacial deformities, chronic respiratory disease, and joint replacement surgeries, especially among the geriatric population.
Dental care and treatments provided under general anaesthesia in the Helsinki Public Dental Service.
It is noticed that general anaesthesia is liked by the patients because of the fear of being awake during the surgery, while spinal anaesthesia is preferred by the anaesthesio-logists because of its safety towards the patients and the baby.
Local anaesthetic has been used in women receiving general anaesthesia and regional anaesthesia, and rarely local anaesthesia alone has been used when other anaesthesia was unavailable or unsafe.
The cooperative technique was successfully carried out in all but two patients, who were kept on general anaesthesia, while all of the remaining patients could respond to the surgeon's commands.
Clinicians should be aware that in the last five years there has been considerable new experimental work published, elaborating on various new aspects of the neuroscientific basis of general anaesthesia (2-5).
Dental treatment under general anaesthesia at a hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
A randomized comparison of manipulation of the fractured nose under local and general anaesthesia.
They also recommended that the use of general anaesthesia to reduce the pain and anxiety associated with dental treatment should be discouraged.

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