gemistocyte


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ge·mis·to·cyt·ic as·tro·cyte

a round to oval astrocyte cell with abundant cytoplasm containing glial filaments and an eccentric nucleus; may contain two nuclei in the cell; hypertrophy of astrocytes.

gemistocyte

[gemis′təsīt]
an astrocyte with an eccentric nucleus and swollen cytoplasm, as seen in areas of nervous tissue affected by edema, demyelination, or infarction.

gemistocyte

(jĕm-ĭs′tō-sīt) [Gr. gemistos, laden, full, + kytos, cell]
In the central nervous system, a swollen astrocyte with an eccentric nucleus, seen adjacent to areas of edema or infarct.

gemistocyte

plump astrocyte produced as a reaction to severe injury.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some foci had gemistocyte aggregation and a few ganglion cells that were accompanied by mild infiltration of chronic inflammatory cells throughout (figure 2, B).
3) The tumor we describe belongs in this category, although our case is unique in view of our distinguishing findings of the absence of fibrosis and neuronal tissue and the presence of abundant gemistocytes, mild vascular proliferation, perivascular cuffing, mild cellular anaplasia, and mitoses.
At the end of all this process, astrocytes are stimulated and observation of gemistocytes which are swelled reactive astrocytes and neuronal loss and gliosis in the striatal region in acute and chornic injuries in autopsy studies is explained in this way (9,11).
Changes were characterized by white matter spongiosis with numerous digestion chambers containing phagocytosing myelinophages and scattered interstitial gemistocytes.
Gemistocytes were first described by Franz Nissl as glia (gemaestete glia) with voluminous cytoplasm.
Although gemistocytes may be found in all grades of astrocytoma (II, III, and IV), gemistocytic astrocytoma is currently recognized as a distinct variant only of diffuse astrocytoma (WHO grade II).
Additional features, if present (1) Hemosiderin deposition (2) Calcification (3) Microcyst formation (4) Mitotic activity (5) Pleomorphism (6) Presence of gemistocytes (7) Vascular proliferation (8) Necrosis d.
The presence of gemistocytes, vascular proliferation, and necrosis represent negative prognostic indicators, and the latter 2 histologic changes are diagnostic of high-grade astrocytomas.