Some speakers tended to lengthen long geminates
considerably and thereby shorten the S4 vowel.
It is added only after a singular participle (M or F); -n is geminate
before a vowel, single before a consonant: (4)
40) Since all of the substantives in (12) involve weak roots, it seems more likely that they result from root variation between geminate
and Ill-weak roots.
Once such geminates
are followed by a plosive in the onset, they are simplified to a single segment (cf.
General gemination occurs in all Ingrian dialects; the geminates
resulting from general gemination are either full-length or short-initial.
a > o and simplification of geminates
in Turoyo/Mlahso) or mergers (e.
Several consonants in the Woleaian inventory change in quality when geminated; singleton l geminates
as nn, g as kk, r and g as cc, and [beta] as bb.
In addition, geminates
, if sporadically, occupy positions in which etymological reasons exclude the shortness of the preceding vowel (cf.
the opposition involves single consonants and geminates
Most of the roots listed either reflect geminates
, roots containing a glide or guttural, and roots containing a sonorant (pp.
Indeed, the presence of medial geminates
appears to be a powerful attractor for infant attention, since children target a disproportionate number (49%, compared to an incidence in mothers' content words of 37%) (Vihman and Velleman 2000).
Most members of the last generation of speakers of the dialect had substituted long geminates
for single stops in corresponding inflectional paradigms and similar unalternating geminates
occur in North-East Estonian.