gastroparesis


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to gastroparesis: gastroenteritis, vagus nerve

gastroparesis

 [gas″tro-pah-re´sis]
paralysis of the stomach; called also gastroparalysis and gastroplegia.

gas·tro·pa·re·sis

(gas'trō-pă-rē'sis, -par'ĕ-sis),
Weakness of gastric peristalsis, which results in delayed emptying of the bowels.
[gastro- + G. paresis, a letting go, paralysis]

gastroparesis

/gas·tro·pa·re·sis/ (gas″tro-pah-re´sis) paralysis of the stomach.

gastroparesis

(găs′trō-pə-rē′sĭs, -păr′ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. gastropare·ses (-sēz′)
A disorder characterized by delayed movement of food from the stomach into the small intestine because of impaired stomach motility, resulting in nausea, vomiting, and a feeling of fullness.

gastroparesis

[-pərē′sis]
1 paralysis of the stomach.
2 failure of the stomach to empty caused by decreased gastric motility. The major causes are various kinds of abdominal inflammation, scleroderma, diabetic autonomic neuropathy, vagotomy, and use of anticholinergic medications.

gastroparesis

Partial paralysis of gastric smooth muscle, resulting in retention of food.

Aetiology
Autonomic neuropathy due to diabetes, gastric surgery, vagal nerve damage, viral infections, medications (e.g., anticholinergics and narcotics), gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD/GORD), smooth muscle disease (amyloidosis, scleroderma), metabolic disease (e.g. hypothyroidism).

Clinical findings
Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, loss of appetite, gastric muscle spasms, variable glucose levels.

Diagnosis
Upper GI endoscopy, ultrasonography, radio contrast studies, gastric emptying scintigraphy, breath test, Smart Pill.

gas·tro·pa·re·sis

(gas'trō-păr-ē'sis)
A slight degree of gastroparalysis.
[gastro- + G. paresis, a letting go, paralysis]

Gastroparesis

Nerve damage of the stomach that delays or stops stomach emptying, resulting in nausea, vomiting, bloating, discomfort, and weight loss.
Mentioned in: Sildenafil Citrate

gas·tro·pa·re·sis

(gas'trō-păr-ē'sis)
Weakness of gastric peristalsis, resulting in delayed emptying of the bowels.
[gastro- + G. paresis, a letting go, paralysis]

Patient discussion about gastroparesis

Q. is anyone following a diet for gastroparesis? i developed a bezoar in the stomach, as a result of gastroparesis and it caused internal bleeding, was wondering of anyone else has or knows someone who has had a similar experience

A. brandon

well i had vegus nerve severed also many years ago (forty or so) never gave me trble till recently everything seems ok rite now, but i think it may br an ongoing thing

thanks

Q. I have just been diagnosed with gastroparesis. I'am looking for more info on treatment and experiences...

A. In most cases, treatment does not cure gastroparesis—it is usually a chronic condition. Treatment helps you manage the condition so you can be as healthy and comfortable as possible..there are medications that helps like Metoclopramide (Reglan) that stimulates stomach muscle contractions to help emptying. and dietary changes (having 6 small meals instead of big three..) and there even clinical trials with Botulinum Toxin that might be helpful, but still in research.

More discussions about gastroparesis
References in periodicals archive ?
The global gastroparesis market was valued at USD 4,667m in 2016, and is projected to reach USD6,486 m at a CAGR of 4.
Diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) is a common chronic complication of diabetes characterized by decreased gastric motility, delayed gastric emptying, and gastric rhythm disorders, with upper abdominal pain, early satiety, nausea, vomiting, and anorexia as its main clinical manifestations.
The NDA will contain these PK data as well as safety and efficacy data from the additional five previously completed Gimoti studies in healthy volunteers and patients with diabetic gastroparesis.
Keywords: Gastroparesis, Electrogastrogram, Cramer-Rao Lower Bound, Autoregressive Parameter, Power Spectral Density
In literal terms gastroparesis stands for "paralyzed stomach"2.
Rising prevalence of Type-1 and Type-2 diabetes with high unmet medical needs, growing demand for minimally invasive treatment for refractory gastroparesis, and availability of reimbursement for in-patient hospital stays are driving growth of the global diabetic gastroparesis treatment market.
It also reviews key players involved in the therapeutic development for Diabetic Gastroparesis and special features on late-stage and discontinued projects.
The patient's other medical problems include diabetes mellitus type 2, cerebrovascular accident, depression, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, colostomy secondary to diverticulitis, gastroparesis, esophageal dysmotility, vitamin B12 deficiency and Addison's disease.
Relamorelin has already completed Phase 2 trials for the treatment of diabetic gastroparesis and chronic constipation.
Alix Brown has a raft of medical problems, including a disease called gastroparesis which means she can't digest her food properly and vomits more than 30 times a day.
They kept a detailed diary tracking specific gastroparesis symptoms and the number of heartburn episodes per day.
com/research/6rsctt/diabetic) has announced the addition of GlobalData's new report "Diabetic Gastroparesis Global Clinical Trials Review, H1, 2013" to their offering.