gastrointestinal bleeding


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Related to gastrointestinal bleeding: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding

gastrointestinal bleeding

any bleeding from the GI tract. The most common underlying conditions are peptic ulcer, Mallory-Weiss syndrome, esophageal varices, diverticulosis, ulcerative colitis, and carcinoma of the stomach and colon. Vomiting of bright red blood or passage of coffee ground vomitus indicates upper GI bleeding, usually from the esophagus, stomach, or upper duodenum. Aspiration of the gastric contents, lavage, and endoscopy are performed to determine the site and rate of bleeding. Tarry black stools indicate a bleeding source in the upper GI tract; bright red blood from the rectum usually indicates bleeding in the distal colon. GI bleeding is treated as a potential emergency. Patients may require transfusions, fluid replacement, endoscopic treatment, or gastric lavage and are watched carefully so as to prevent shock and hypovolemia. In all patients blood loss is evaluated and ability to coagulate is tested. See also coffee-ground vomitus, hematochezia, melena.

gastrointestinal bleeding

Any hemorrhage into the GI tract lumen, from esophagus–eg, from ruptured esophageal varices, to anus–eg from hemorrhoids

gastrointestinal bleeding

Bleeding from anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract.
Synonym: gastrointestinal hemorrhage
See also: bleeding
References in periodicals archive ?
Combining nonselective NSAIDs, COX-2 inhibitors, or low-dose aspirin with SSRIs led to excess risks of upper gastrointestinal bleeding of 1.
The pancreatic arteriovenous malformation is a rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding or abdominal pain and may lead to complications like portal hypertension, portal vein thrombosis and pancreatitis.
Dieulafoy disease should also be separated from other causes of lower gastrointestinal bleeding, like diverticular disease; telangiectasias (which may be associated with Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome, Turner syndrome, and systemic sclerosis); vascular neoplasms; advanced liver disease causing mucosal spider nevi, which can cause bleeding similar to Dieulafoy disease14; and disorders of connective tissues affecting blood vessels.
In contrast, an earlier randomized controlled trial by Grau et al (13) in 1993 compared the efficacy of cimetidine and sucralfate in preventing gastrointestinal bleeding in the general medicine population.
The task force did not find clear evidence that the benefits of using aspirin outweigh the risks in people 80 years and older because the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding increases with age.
In a case-control study involving more than 11,000 subjects, both selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) increased the risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, particularly when taken together with NSAIDs or antiplatelet drugs, reported, Dr.
Successful treatment of severe gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to Crohn disease with recombinant factor VIIa.
In the note, Castro said he had suffered gastrointestinal bleeding, apparently due to stress.
It was determined that the patient suffered from a Dieulafoy's malformation (also known as a Dieulafoy's lesion), a condition in which a lesion in an artery of the gastrointestinal tract causes gastrointestinal bleeding.
He always recommends starting with acetaminophen (Tylenol and generic brands), shown to be effective in managing osteoarthritis pain without the gastrointestinal bleeding risks of NSAIDs.
Teesside Coroner's Court heard she died due to massive gastrointestinal bleeding caused by a rupture in an artery following surgery.
Most suffered from gastrointestinal bleeding caused by aspirin alone or reacting with another drug.

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