gastroesophageal reflux


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reflux

 [re´fluks]
a backward or return flow; see also backflow and regurgitation (def. 1).
esophageal reflux (gastroesophageal reflux) reflux of the stomach contents into the esophagus.
hepatojugular reflux distention of the jugular vein induced by applying manual pressure over the liver; it suggests insufficiency of the right heart.
intrarenal reflux reflux of urine into the renal parenchyma.
vesicoureteral reflux (vesicoureteric reflux) backward flow of urine from the bladder into a ureter.

e·soph·a·ge·al re·flux

, gastroesophageal reflux
regurgitation of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus, possibly into the pharynx where they can be aspirated between the vocal cords and down into the trachea; symptoms of burning pain and acid taste result; pulmonary complications of aspiration depend on the amount, content, and acidity of the aspirate.

gastroesophageal reflux

a backflow of contents of the stomach into the esophagus that is often the result of incompetence of the lower esophageal sphincter. Gastric juices are acidic and therefore produce burning pain in the esophagus. Repeated episodes of reflux may cause esophagitis, peptic esophageal stricture, or esophageal ulcer. In uncomplicated cases treatment consists of elevation of the head of the bed, avoidance of acid-stimulating foods, and regular administration of antacids. In complicated cases surgical repair may provide relief. Also called GERD. See also chalasia, esophagitis, heartburn, hiatal hernia, reflux esophagitis.
enlarge picture
Gastroesophageal reflux: endoscopic view

gastroesophageal reflux

Gastroenterology A backflow of stomach content into the lower esophagus, causing heartburn, esophageal scarring and stricture, which requires stretching/bougienage–dilating of the esophagus

Gastroesophageal reflux

Condition in which stomach acid backs up into the esophagus.
Mentioned in: Cough, Heartburn

gastroesophageal reflux (gasˑ·trō·eh·sˈ·f·gē·l rēˑ·flks),

n a condition in which contents of the stomach flow up into the esophagus.

e·soph·a·ge·al re·flux

, gastroesophageal reflux (ĕ-sof'ă-jē'ăl rē'flŭks, gas'trō-ĕ-sof'ă-jē-ăl)
Regurgitation of stomach contents into esophagus, possibly into pharynx where they can be aspirated between vocal cords and into trachea; symptoms of burning pain and acid taste result; pulmonary complications of aspiration depend on the amount, content, and acidity of aspirate.

gastroesophageal

pertaining to the stomach and esophagus. See also ulcer.

gastroesophageal reflux
see peptic esophagitis.

reflux

a backward or return flow.

esophageal reflux
reflux of the stomach contents into the esophagus; likely to occur during anesthesia and may be a cause of esophageal strictures. Called also gastroesophageal reflux. See also peptic esophagitis.
gastroduodenal reflux
reflux of duodenal contents, especially bile salts into the stomach; a cause of injury to the gastric mucosa and a possible factor in the genesis of gastric ulceration.
gastroesophageal reflux
see esophageal reflux (above).
intrarenal urine reflux
reflux of urine into the renal parenchymal tissue.
vesicoureteral reflux, vesicoureteric reflux
backward flow of urine from the bladder into a ureter.

Patient discussion about gastroesophageal reflux

Q. Baby with Gastro esophageal Reflux... I have a baby with Gastro esophageal Reflux Disease, should I worry that she will have autism? I want to clarify my doubt to be more overcautious. Kindly guide me!

Q. how do you deal with a mild case of acid reflux

A. You can start with life style changes: if you have symptoms during the night, you can try to elevate the head of your bed. You can try to avoid foods that induce reflux: fatty foods, chocolate, peppermint, and excessive alcohol. Cola, red wine, and orange juice are very acidic, so it would be wise to avoid them too, In addition to these, you can try to use a diary to reveal which kind of food causes symptoms and avoid it.

Try to refrain from lying down immediately after a meal, or eating just before bedtime. Overweight is a risk factor for reflux, so if it's relevant weight reduction is also recommended.

If you feel heartburn, you may chew in order to increase salivation and thus alleviate the symptoms. Smoking has a negative effect on salivation, so smoking cessation is also recommended.

And that's before we even mentioned OTC drugs...

Q. is there anything to cure G.E.R.D. instead of taking pills daily?

A. there is no known way to "cure" but it can be manageable. there's a somewhat new procedure -An endoscope. Using this scope, doctors can treat the lower part of the esophagus to improve how it works. These nonsurgical procedures are somewhat new. There is not enough scientific evidence yet to talk about how well they work.
here is a nice tutorial about it:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorials/uppergiendoscopy/htm/lesson.htm

and of course you can avoid some types of food and habits (sorry...long and tasty list...):
http://heartburn.about.com/cs/dietfood/a/heartburnfoods3.htm

More discussions about gastroesophageal reflux
References in periodicals archive ?
Prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms in asthma.
There are other factors that decrease LES pressure and contribute to gastroesophageal reflux disease.
The most helpful test in a patient suspected of having atypical gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms is:
Analysis of key recent licensing and partnership agreements in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Therapeutics market
Key topics covered include strategic competitor assessment, market characterization, unmet needs and the implications for the Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Therapeutics market.
Used in conjunction with esophageal pH monitoring, multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) monitoring can show whether symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are associated with acid or nonacid reflux events--or with no reflux at all, said Dr.
GERD, or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, affects up to 7 percent of the population.
LONDON -- For the next eight years, the global market for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) therapeutics is expected to decline by 2% CAGR, dropping from a 2010 valuation of $5.
The Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Disease and Therapy Review provides an overview of the disease and related conditions, with prevalence numbers and percentages for major countries worldwide, information on diagnosis, and an overview of treatment.
The primary focus of prevention for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is to pay attention to your lifestyle and avoid activities or triggers that cause symptoms.
One-third of adult patients with asthma have gastroesophageal reflux disease, but many do not have typical reflux symptoms or acidic reflux, reported Toni O.
The patient was treated with a proton-pump inhibitor and lifestyle modifications for gastroesophageal reflux.

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