gastrocnemius muscle


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Related to gastrocnemius muscle: soleus muscle

gas·troc·ne·mi·us mus·cle

(gas'trok-nē'mē-ŭs mŭs'ĕl)
Origin, by two heads (lateral and medial) from the lateral and medial condyles of the femur; insertion, with soleus by tendo calcaneus into lower half of posterior surface of calcaneus; action, plantar flexion of foot; nerve supply, tibial.
Synonym(s): musculus gastrocnemius [TA] , gastrocnemius.

gastrocnemius muscle

Leg muscle. Origin: medial condyle of femur, lateral condyle of femur. Insertion: calcaneus (via Achilles tendon). Nerve: tibial (S1-S2). Action: plantarflexes foot, flexes knee.
See: leg for illus. (Muscles of the leg)
See also: muscle

gastrocnemius muscle

see Table 13.

gastrocnemius muscle rupture, gastrocnemius muscle avulsion
the muscle may have torn away from its insertion, in which case the tendon will be slack, or it may be a complete or partial separation of the belly of the muscle, when the muscle will be swollen and hard. There is a special case in the cow at calving. The cow may be unable to rise. If it does get up the hock is much closer to the ground than normal and the cow may be able to take weight on the leg only if the point of the hock reaches the ground.
slipped gastrocnemius muscle tendon
see tendon luxation.
gastrocnemius muscle tendon
the tendon of the gastrocnemius muscle. More accurately the achilles tendon.
gastrocnemius muscle tendon rupture
see gastrocnemius muscle rupture (above). A high incidence may occur in flocks of meat birds but rarely in turkeys.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sections were cut from biopsy material taken from the gastrocnemius muscles of nephrectomized and control rats.
At the day 21st following the blood collection, the sedated rats were euthanized and distal segment of sciatic nerve and gastrocnemius muscle were removed and fixed in 10% buffer formal saline.
Promotion of muscle regeneration in the toad (Bufo viridis) gastrocnemius muscle by low-energy laser irradiation.
While the techniques used by these investigators (4,11) were useful for examining different signals around the long axis of a single isolated frog gastrocnemius muscle, the technique used in the current study examined the signal from the same location, but in two different axes.
There are many muscles participating in postural control, however for evaluation we chose gastrocnemius muscle (m.
The exercise was designed to induce muscle soreness in the gastrocnemius muscle of the right leg and involved walking backwards downhill on a treadmill inclined at 13 degrees, for 30 minutes at 35 steps per minute, leading with the right leg.
It has been proposed that the lower medial end of the muscle can be palpated directly between the semitendinosus tendon and the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle (Figures 3 and 4) (Travell and Simons 1999).
To investigate the possible mechanism, MuRF1 and Fbx32 was subjected to Western blot analysis and expression of MURF1 was inhibited in gastrocnemius muscle.
Gastrocnemius muscle belly and tendon length in stroke patients and able-bodied persons.
However, because of the inaccessibility of the soleus muscle to surface EMG electrodes, the gastrocnemius muscle, also a plantarflexor, was used for this study.