gastric volvulus


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gas·tric vol·vu·lus

1. In humans, a twisting of the stomach that may result in obstruction and impairment of the blood supply to the organ; it can occur in paraesophageal hernia and occasionally in eventration of the diaphragm.
2. In veterinary medicine, a common condition most often seen in deep-chested breeds of dogs. May involve complete 360o torsion with complete vascular compromise or partial volvulus or torsion; spleen may rotate as well. Severe volvulus is often fatal without intensive care and early intervention; often begins with gastric bloat

volvulus

[L.] torsion of a loop of intestine, causing obstruction with or without compromising the blood supply to the part by strangulation.

gastric volvulus
see gastric dilatation-volvulus.
intestinal volvulus
a common finding in horses because of the weight of the contents, the power and the duration of the peristaltic movements, and the long mesentery of some parts of the intestines.
References in periodicals archive ?
The diagnosis of mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus was confirmed; fortunately there were no signs of ischaemia, necrosis or perforation.
Gastric volvulus is defined as an abnormal, acquired rotation of the stomach of more than 180 degrees, creating a closed loop obstruction.
Lofrus observed, the clinical presentation and endoscopic findings raise a red flag for chronic gastric volvulus.
Eventration may be further complicated by acute gastric volvulus, chronic gastric volvulus or chronic recurrent volvulus of the splenic flexure of the colon.
6) Secondary gastric volvulus is seen in association with diaphragmatic hernia or eventration and is usually of the organo-axial type in which the stomach rotates along its long axis and usually presents as acute volvulus.
Atypical presentation is anticipated in CDH when clinical features of Gastric Volvulus.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia with gastric Volvulus, Prashant Jain, Beejal Sanghavi, Hemanshi Sanghani.
In addition to the 2 major types of gastric volvulus, gastric volvulus can be classified as primary or secondary.
First described by Berti (1) in 1866, a gastric volvulus is a rare condition that is caused by a rotation of the stomach >180[degrees] along a transverse or longitudinal axis.
Since the patient developed sudden bout of vomiting which followed by resolution of abdominal distension, the possibility of gastric volvulus with spontaneous resolution was thought about.
Regarding gastric volvulus, choose one false answer:
The presence of persistent vomiting and epigastric pain despite initial antiemetic treatment should trigger one to think of gastric volvulus, despite the patient appearing very stable and healthy.