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Allium sativum (family Liliaceae), its bulb contains up to 0.9% of volatile irritating oil with antiseptic action; has been used as a diaphoretic, diuretic, and expectorant.
Synonym(s): garlic


a genus of plants belonging to the Liliaceae family; contain N-propyl-disulfide. A constant heavy diet of many species causes severe hemolytic anemia. Includes A. ameloprasm (wild onion), A. canadense (wild onion), A. cepa (cultivated onion), A. sativum (garlic), A. schoenprasm (chives), A. triquetrum (three-cornered garlic), A. ursinum (wild garlic), A. validum (wild onion), A. vineale (false garlic).