gamma-hydroxybutyric acid

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γ-hydroxybutyric acid

Central nervous system depressant causing relaxation, loss of muscle tone and reduced inhibitions. Effects are enhanced when mixed with alcohol. Previously sold in health food stores as a performance-enhancing drug until banned by the FDA in 1990. Sometimes vernacularly termed date rape drug.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ogwr Dash, a Bridgend-based drugs and alcohol self-help group, says two women were recently the victims of GHB - or Gamma Hydroxybutyrate.
GHB - chemical name Gamma Hydroxybutyrate - is seen as an ideal weapon for rapists because it can be mixed into drinks undetected.
Although the book contains an admirable review of the classic drugs of abuse such as heroin, marijuana, and cocaine, new drugs such as Ecstasy (methylenedioxymethamphetamine) and date rape drugs such as Rohypnol and Gamma Hydroxybutyrate are scarcely mentioned.
Generation I club drugs were defined as cocaine and LSD; generation II club drugs included methylenedioxymethamphetamine (also known as Ecstasy), metham-phetamine, gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB), Rohypnol, ketamine.
Findings from experimental studies are discussed for drugs including cocaine, methamphetamine, marijuana, nicotine, gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB)--the "date rape" drug, and organic solvents.
The test indicates the presence of gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) or Ketamine in a drink and claims to give a reliable result within just three minutes.
Whilst the woman was upstairs he poured the some of the drink into a jug and spiked it with GHB - gamma hydroxybutyrate.
A jury last week convicted the 67-year-old man on two counts each of possession and distribution of gamma hydroxybutyrate, or GHB, an illegal depressant commonly referred to as a "date rape" drug because of its anesthetic properties.