galactose


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Related to galactose: saccharose

galactose

 [gah-lak´tōs]
a monosaccharide sugar of the aldose group, derived from lactose. d-galactose is found in lactose, in cerebrosides of the brain, in the sugar beet, and in many gums and seaweeds; l-galactose is found in flaxseed mucilage.
galactose tolerance test a laboratory test done to determine the liver's ability to convert the sugar galactose into glycogen. Two methods may be used. The oral method requires about 5 hours to complete, and the intravenous method, which is more accurate, requires about 2 hours. With the oral method, elimination of more than 3 g of galactose in the urine during a 5-hour period indicates liver damage. With the intravenous method, all galactose should have been eliminated from the blood 45 minutes after its injection.

ga·lac·tose (Gal),

(gă-lak'tōs),
An aldohexose found (in d form) as a constituent of compounds such as lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins, in galactoside or galactosyl combination; an epimer of d-glucose.

galactose

/ga·lac·tose/ (gah-lak´tōs) a six-carbon aldose epimeric with glucose but less sweet, occurring naturally in both d- and l- forms (the latter in plants). It is a component of lactose and other oligosaccharides, cerebrosides and gangliosides, and glycolipids and glycoproteins.

galactose

(gə-lăk′tōs′)
n.
A monosaccharide, C6H12O6, commonly occurring in lactose and in certain pectins, gums, and mucilages.

galactose

[gəlak′tōs]
Etymology: Gk, gala + glykys, sweet
a simple sugar found in the dextrorotatory form in lactose (milk sugar), nerve cell membranes, sugar beets, gums, and seaweed and in the levorotatory form in flaxseed mucilage. Prepared galactose, a white crystalline substance, is less sweet and less soluble in water than glucose but is similar in other properties.

ga·lac·tose

(Gal) (gă-lak'tōs)
An aldohexose found (in d form) as a constituent of lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, mucoproteins, in galactoside or galactosyl combination; an epimer of d-glucose.

galactose

A monosaccharide sugar that is a constituent of LACTOSE, the main sugar of milk. Also known as cerebrose.

galactose

a monosaccharide CARBOHYDRATE that does not occur freely in nature, but is combined with GLUCOSE to form LACTOSE, a disaccharide sugar found in milk.

Galactose

One of the two simple sugars, together with glucose, that makes up the protein, lactose, found in milk. Galactose can be toxic in high levels.

ga·lac·tose

(Gal) (gă-lak'tōs)
An aldohexose constituent of lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins.

galactose (gəlak´tōs),

n a simple sugar found in the dextrorotatory form in lactose (milk sugar), nerve cell membranes, sugar beets, gums, seaweed, and, in the levorotatory form, in flaxseed mucilage. Galactose, a white crystalline substance, is less sweet and less soluble in water than glucose but is similar in other properties.

galactose

a monosaccharide derived from lactose. d-galactose is found in lactose, cerebrosides of the brain, raffinose of the sugar beet, and in many gums and seaweeds; l-galactose is found in flaxseed mucilage.

galactose 1-phosphate uridylyl transferase
involved in the metabolism of galactose to glycogen. Congenital galactosemia of humans and macropods is associated with a deficiency of this enzyme.
galactose tolerance test
a laboratory test done to determine the liver's ability to convert the sugar galactose into glycogen. Not much used in animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
RELATED ARTICLE: FIGURE 2: NORMAL ABSORPTION OF GLUCOSE AND GALACTOSE
The sensitivity of the GA0-based galactose biosensor increased over 80 times in the studied temperature range (Fig.
Comparative Study of Kinetics of Catalysed Oxidation of Glucose and Galactose by Hexacyanoferrate (III) Ion and Copper Sulphate in Alkaline
The Emory scientists also tested the relationship between the timing of galactose exposure with the fly's outcome, and designed and characterized flies in which they could remove or control the production of GALT or GALE at variable points in the animal's development to determine when and where the sugar breakdown was most needed.
Typically, the concentrations of red blood cell galactose 1-phosphate and urine galactitol are monitored for this purpose.
Molecular basis of disorders of human galactose metabolism: past, present, and future.
Galactose is a simple sugar derived from the breakdown of the milk sugar lactose.
DAVANAT([R]), the Company's lead drug candidate, is a polysaccharide (carbohydrate polymer) composed of mannose and galactose (galactomannan).
Certain features of Bayer's blood glucose monitors such as No Coding technology and no interference from maltose and galactose make diabetes management easier, helping to simplify life for people with diabetes.
Since many years, it is known that ML I binds to galactose, but current investigations propose a specific-binding site for ML I consisting of N-acetylglucosamin, galactose and terminal N-acetylneuraminic acid residues.
This monitor also measures and corrects for interferences from acetaminophen (Tylenol), uric acid, ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), maltose, galactose, xylose, and lactose, while eliminating oxygen interference to provide accurate glucose results regardless of the sample's oxygen status.