galactosamine


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galactosamine

 [gah-lak″to-sam´in]
an amino derivative of galactose.

ga·lac·tos·a·mine

(gă-lak'tō-sam'ēn),
The 2-amino-2-deoxy derivative of galactose, in which the NH2 replaces the 2-OH group; the d-isomer occurs in various mucopolysaccharides, notably of chondroitin sulfuric acid and of B blood group substance; usually found as the N-acetyl derivative.

galactosamine

(găl′ək-tō′sə-mēn′, gə-lăk-)
n.
An amino derivative of galactose commonly found in glycolipids.

galactosamine

galactose that contains an amine group on the second group.

ga·lac·tos·a·mine

(gă-lak-tō'să-mēn)
The 2-amino-2-deoxy derivative of galactose, in which the NH2 replaces the 2-OH group; the d-isomer occurs in various mucopolysaccharides, notably of chondroitin sulfuric acid and of B blood group substance; usually found as the N-acetyl derivative.

ga·lac·tos·a·mine

(gă-lak-tō'să-mēn)
The 2-amino-2-deoxy derivative of galactose.

galactosamine,

n a chondrosamine; a derivative of galactose, occurs in various mucopolysaccharides, notably of chondroitin sulfuric acid and B blood group substance.

galactosamine

an amino derivative of galactose.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hence, the amounts of hexosamines and muramic acid and their ratios (glucosamine to galactosamine and glucosamine to muramic acid) can serve as useful indicators for bacterial and fungal contribution to SOM (Zhang et al.
The structure of DCI-IPG contains a methylated form of DCI and galactosamine, while that of MI-IPG contains MI and glucosamine and both types of IPGs contain Zn and Mn.
By the same strategy, the SVM was able to recognize animals that had been exposed to the hepatotoxicant galactosamine but failed to respond with the typical necrosis and inflammation of the liver.
The amount of chitin in soil is difficult to quantify, because although glucosamine and galactosamine can be detected in hydrolysates of soil organic matter, it is not clear how quantitative the hydrolysis is.
Notice that galactosamine is missing from most of the formulations offered for sale.
Animals were treated once with 400 mg/kg galactosamine or vehicle only and sacrificed after 24 hr.
Avadhoot, 1991); hepatoprotective effect of andrographolide against galactosamine and paracetamol-induced hepatic damages (Handa, S.
The capacity of actinomycetes to colonize mucosal surfaces and dentine appears to depend on two distinct fimbriae, type 1 and type 2, that bind preferentially to salivary acidic proline-rich proteins and to statherin, or to [beta]-linked galactose or galactosamine structures on epithelial or bacterial surfaces, respectively (28).
8 (a) Saline Erythromycin 80 800 Saline Estradiol glucuronide 1 10 Saline Ethanol ND 3,000 Saline Etoposide 5 50 Saline Galactosamine 50 500 Saline Ibuprofen 20 200 Saline Indomethacin 2 20 Saline Iodoacetic acid 5 50 Saline Iron dextran 50 500 Saline Ketoconazole 30 120 Saline L-Ethionine 5 50 Saline Methapyrilene 5 50 Saline Methotrexate 50 250 Saline Microcystin 0.
Galactosamine is known to induce hepatic injury in rats that is similar in pathophysiology to viral hepatitis and drug-induced hepatitis in humans.
1993); hepatoprotective effect of the plant against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver damage (Rana and Avadhoot, 1991); hepatoprotective effect o andrographolide against galactosamine and paracetamol- induced hepatic damages (Handa and Sharma, 1990); hepatoprotective effect of andrographolide against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver damage (Handa and Sharma, 1990) Hypoestes Jaundice.
All data from these two complementary analyses were consistent with a structure where BPA glucuronide was linked to an acetylated galactosamine (or glucosamine).