galactitol


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ga·lac·ti·tol

(gă-lak'ti-tol),
A sugar alcohol derived from galactose; galactitol accumulates in transferase deficiency galactosemia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Para las levaduras se verifico la forma de las celulas, origen de las yemas, presencia y forma de taloconidias, y pruebas de tamizado de cepas, tales como Test de la Ureasa, Test CHROM Agar, Test del microcultivo, Auxonograma (glucosa, galactosa, maltosa, sacarosa, lactosa, rafinosa, trehalosa, melibiosa, galactitol, inositol, celobiosa, manitol, arabinosa, xilosa, sorbitol; VALTEX S.
Patients with GALT and galactokinase deficiency are followed up with measurements of erythrocyte galactose-1-phosphate levels and urinary galactitol levels (23).
In vitro studies show that polyhydroxyl compounds (glucose, galactose, galactitol, sorbitol, or xylitol) inhibit Na+, K+-ATPase activity in cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells whereas in vivo studies show reduced Na+, K+-ATP-ase activity in the corneal endothelium of diabetic rabbits after only 10 weeks of alloxan-induced hyperglycaemia.
On the other hand, excess D-gal activates aldose reductase and leads to the accumulation of galactitol, which can accumulate in the lens or other tissues and influence osmotic pressure, resulting in cell swelling, metabolic disorder, the accumulation of free radicals and apoptosis (Lai et al.
Selective oxidation and reduction reactions with cofactor regeneration mediated by galactitol, lactate, and formate dehydrogenases immobilized on magnetic nanoparticles.
23), (24) In this case the fixative reins can be well-known fixatives and the sugar alcohols are selected from maltitol, soribitol, mannitol, arabitol, galactitol, xylitol, erythritol, inositol or derivatives such as polyoxypropylene sorbitol (Uniol HS-1600D).
These children, however, had increased concentrations of other less commonlymonitored galactose metabolites, such as RBC galactitol and galactonate.
The first step involves a reduction into galactitol by using NADH-dependent aldose reductase from yeast and continuously regenerates the NADH.
Se ha encontrado galactitol en las cataratas de individuos galactosemicos al hacer la autopsia.
In untreated individuals, ocular lens damage occurs as a result of the accumulation of galactitol, a by-product in the early stages of galactose conversion.
lucidum extract can decrease the galactitol accumulation significantly in the rat eye lens (Fatmawati et al.
In 2005, we defined the biochemical phenotype of DG children and described 2 different groups of DG children (age, 12-15 months) on a lactose-containing diet according to their erythrocyte (RBC) concentrations of galactitol and galactonate (6).