furazolidone


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furazolidone

 [fu″rah-zol´ĭ-dōn]
a nitrofuran antibacterial and antiprotozoal used against many gram-negative intestinal bacteria in control of diarrhea and enteritis.

furazolidone

/fu·ra·zol·i·done/ (fū″rah-zol´ĭ-dōn) an antibacterial and antiprotozoal effective against many gram-negative enteric organisms; used in the treatment of diarrhea and enteritis.

furazolidone

[foo͡′rəzol′idōn]
an antibiotic with antibacterial and antiprotozoal activity.
indications It is prescribed for the treatment of diarrhea caused by susceptible bacterial or protozoal infections (e.g., Giardiasis, Vibrio) of the GI tract.
contraindications Known hypersensitivity to this drug prohibits its use. It is not given to children less than 1 month of age, and it is not used with drugs that are contraindicated with monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Foods high in tyramine and concurrent use of alcohol should be avoided.
adverse effects Among the more serious adverse effects are hemolytic anemia and fever, skin rash, and abdominal pain.

furazolidone

a nitrofuran antibiotic, used as a local antibacterial and antiprotozoal. Used in poultry and swine as a feed additive to treat bacterial and protozoal intestinal infections. Calves fed low levels of furazolidone over long periods develop a leukopenia, petechial hemorrhages everywhere and are susceptible to infection. It is usually a sequel to prophylactic feeding of antibiotics. See also granulocytopenic calf disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
fluvialis strains were highly resistant to ampicillin (92%), streptomycin (85%), furazolidone (85%), and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (70%) (online Technical Appendix Table 2).
Pure cultures were tested by disk diffusion on Mueller-Hinton agar without blood with amoxicillin/clavulanate, ampicillin, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, furazolidone, nalidixic acid, streptomycin, sulfisoxazole, tetracycline (as a marker for doxycycline), and trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole (Becton Dickinson, Franklin Lakes, NJ, USA).
Majority of the isolates were resistant to furazolidone but sensitive to gentamicin and cefotaxime.
Tenders are invited for Supply of syrup furazolidone 25 mg/5 ml 60 ml bottle
Furazolidone was tested only by disk diffusion, and azithromycin was tested only by broth microdilution.
Antibiotic susceptibility was performed by Kirby Bauer's technique for the following panel of antibiotics-ampicillin (10 [micro]g), gentamicin (10 [micro]g), ciprofloxacin (5 [micro]g), ceftriaxone (30 [micro]g) and furazolidone (100 [micro]g), in accordance with NCCLS guidelines (6).
Susceptibility results for antimicrobial drug tested showed that all isolates were resistant to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, furazolidone, nalidixic acid, sulfisoxazole, and streptomycin, and 18 isolates showed intermediate resistance to chloramphenicol, ampicillin, or amoxicillin/clavulanic acid.
Resistance to nalidixic acid, furazolidone and co-trimoxazole was constantly high (100%).
Limited Tenders are invited for Supply of Bolus containing Metronidazole 1000mg, Furazolidone 500mg, Loperamide 7.
An increase in resistance to furazolidone and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole was also observed during the same period.
cholerae isolates were sensitive to tetracycline, gentamycin and azithromycin but resistance for ampicillin, co-trimoxazole, nalidixic acid, and furazolidone.
section]) Antimicrobial drugs (breakpoint final concentrations): S, streptomycin (16 mg/L); Su, sulfonamide (64 mg/L); T, tetracycline (8 mg/L); Cf, cefuroxime (16 mg/L); C, chloramphenicol (8 mg/L); Sp, spectinomycin (64 mg/L); Tm, trimethoprim (2 mg/L); A, ampicillin (8 mg/L]; G, gentamicin (4 mg/L); Ne, neomycin (8 mg/L) K, kanamycin (8 mg/L); Ak, amikacin (4 mg/L); Cx, cefalexin (16 mg/L); Cr, cefradine (16 mg/L); Cn, ceftriaxone (1 mg/L); Ct, cefotaxime (I m,-/L); Fu, furazolidone (8 mg/L); Nx, nalidixic acid (16 m,-/L).