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Related to funic presentation: cord presentation
that part of the fetus lying over the pelvic inlet; the presenting body part of the fetus. See also position and lie.
breech presentation presentation of the fetal buttocks, knees, or feet in labor; the feet may be alongside the buttocks (complete breech presentation); the legs may be extended against the trunk and the feet lying against the face (frank breech presentation); or one or both feet or knees may be prolapsed into the maternal vagina (incomplete breech presentation).
antigen presentation presentation of ingested antigens on the surface of macrophages near histocompatibility antigens; see also antigen presentation.
cephalic presentation presentation of any part of the fetal head in labor, whether the vertex, face, or brow.
compound presentation prolapse of one of the limbs of the fetus alongside the head in cephalic presentation or of one or both arms alongside a presenting breech at the beginning of labor.
footling presentation presentation of the fetus with one foot (single footling) or two feet (double footling) prolapsed into the maternal vagina.
funic presentation presentation of the umbilical cord in labor.
placental presentation placenta praevia.
shoulder presentation presentation with the fetal shoulder as the presenting part; see oblique lie and transverse lie.
transverse presentation transverse lie.
Etymology: L, funis + praesentare, to show
Appearance of the umbilical cord during labor.
See also: presentation
lie; the relationship of the long axis of the fetus to that of the dam. In foals and ruminants the normal presentation of a fetus during parturition is with the forelimbs extended forward so that the hooves are presented first, followed by the head between the forearms, followed by the trunk, abdomen and lastly the hindlimbs extended backward, i.e. anterior presentation.
In piglets the usual presentation is the nose first followed by the shoulders with the forelimbs beside the trunk, followed by the hindlimbs extended backward. The nose of puppies and kittens is presented first with the front paws forward under the neck and chin.
presentation of the front feet and limbs followed by the fetal head in labor.
presentation of the fetal buttocks and tail in labor.
presentation of the umbilical cord in labor.
the fetus is presented with the forelimbs retained and the neck flexed so that the poll is presented in the cervix.
the hindfeet are presented followed by the hindlimbs and hindquarters and tail; a normal variation in dogs and pigs.
at birth the fetus is presented at the pelvic inlet with its long axis running across the long axis of the pelvic canal in the dorsotransverse position. It is the back of the fetus that can be palpated. There are no fetal parts with which to effect a correction.
ventral head presentation
the fetus presents with the head and neck flexed beneath the body. Called also neck flexion.