fundus


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fundus

 [fun´dus] (pl. fun´di) (L.)
the bottom or base of anything; anatomic nomenclature for the bottom or base of an organ, or the part of a hollow organ farthest from its mouth. adj., adj fun´dal, fun´dic.
The fundus of the uterus grows in a predictable pattern during the weeks of pregnancy. From McQuillan et al., 2002.
fundus of bladder the base or posterior surface of the urinary bladder, which contains the trigone of the bladder and the outlet where urine empties through the internal urethral orifice.
fundus of eye the back portion of the interior of the eyeball, visible through the pupil by use of the ophthalmoscope. (See Atlas 4, Part A).
fundus of gallbladder the inferior, dilated portion of the gallbladder.
fundus of stomach the part of the stomach to the left and above the level of the opening between the stomach and esophagus.
fundus tym´pani the floor of the tympanic cavity.
fundus u´teri (fundus of uterus) the part of the uterus above the orifices of the fallopian tubes.

fun·dus

, pl.

fun·di

(fŭn'dŭs, dī), [TA]
The bottom or lowest part of a sac or hollow organ; that part farthest removed from the opening or exit; occasionally a broad cul-de-sac.
[L. bottom]

fundus

/fun·dus/ (fun´dus) pl. fun´di   [L.] the bottom or base of anything; the bottom or base of an organ, or the part of a hollow organ farthest from its mouth.fun´dalfun´dic
fundus of eye  the back portion of the interior of the eyeball, visible through the pupil by use of the ophthalmoscope.
fundus of gallbladder  the inferior, dilated portion of the gallbladder.
fundus of stomach  the part of the stomach to the left and above the level of the opening of the esophagus.
fundus tym´pani  the floor of the tympanic cavity.
fundus of urinary bladder  the base or posterior surface of the urinary bladder.
fundus of uterus  the part of the uterus above the orifices of the uterine tubes.

fundus

(fŭn′dəs)
n. pl. fun·di (-dī′) Anatomy
The portion of a hollow organ opposite or farthest from its opening.

fun′dic adj.

fundus

[fun′dəs] pl. fundi
Etymology: L, bottom
the base or the deepest part of an organ. The portion farthest from the mouth of an organ, such as the fundus of the uterus or the fundus of an eye.

fundus

Anatomy The part of a hollow organ that is farthest away from the organ's opening; the bladder, gallbladder, stomach, uterus, eye, and middle ear cavity all have a fundus Ophthalmology The interior of the eyeball–ie, retina, optic disc, macula, which is seen during a fundoscopic eye examination.

fun·dus

(fŭn'dŭs) [TA]
The bottom or lowest part of a sac or hollow organ; that part farthest removed from the opening or exit; occasionally a broad cul-de-sac.
[L. bottom]

fundus

(fun'dus) [L. fundus, bottom]
1. The larger part, base, or body of a hollow organ.
2. The portion of an organ most remote from its opening. fundic (fun'dik), adjective

fundus of bladder

The base of the urinary bladder, the portion closest to the rectum.

fundus flavimaculatus

Stargardt disease.

fundus of gallbladder

The lower dilated portion of the gallbladder.

ocular fundus

The posterior part of the eye including the retina and optic nerve.

fundus of stomach

The uppermost portion of the stomach, posterior and lateral to the entrance of the esophagus.

fundus tympani

The floor of the tympanic cavity close to the jugular fossa. It contains the bulb of the internal jugular vein.

fundus uteri

Fundus of the uterus.
Enlarge picture
FUNDUS OF THE UTERUS: Measuring the size of the fundus

fundus of the uterus

The area of the uterus above the openings of the fallopian tubes.
Synonym: fundus uteri See: illustration

fundus

The inner surface of an organ furthest from the opening. The fundus of the eye is the inner area covered with the RETINA. The fundus of the uterus is the inner surface of the dome of the womb.

Fundus

The inside of an organ. In the eye, refers to the back area that can be seen with the ophthalmoscope.
Mentioned in: Eye Examination

fundus (fn·ds),

n the part of an organ that is farthest from the opening of the organ, for example, the fundus of the stomach, or uterus.

fundus

The bottom or back surface of an organ. The term is used here to refer to the posterior portion of the interior of the eye visible with an instrument (e.g. ophthalmoscope).
fundus albipunctatus A recessively inherited, nonprogressive tapetoretinal degeneration. It is characterized by a multitude of small, grey or whitish dots scattered throughout the fundus at the level of the pigment epithelium and accompanied by night blindness. The macula is spared and the retinal blood vessels, optic disc, visual field, colour vision and visual acuity are normal.
fundus camera See fundus camera.
fundus examination  See biomicroscope; slit-lamp; direct ophthalmoscope; indirect ophthalmoscope.
fundus flavimaculatus A retinal degeneration characterized by prominent, irregular-shaped whitish or yellow flecks scattered throughout the posterior fundi of both eyes. There is usually no loss of vision unless one of the flecks involves the fovea. It is a variant of Stargardt's disease. The electrooculogram is useful in diagnosing this condition.
leopard fundus An ocular fundus marked with dark blotches on its surface as a result of a tapetoretinal degeneration, such as retinitis pigmentosa. Syn. leopard retina.
ocular fundus The interior of the eye (as may be seen with the aid of an ophthalmoscope) consisting of the retina, the retinal blood vessels and even sometimes the choroidal vessels when there is little pigment in the pigment epithelium (e.g. albinos), the foveal depression, and the optic disc. The fundus appears red, owing mainly to the choroidal blood supply. The colour is lighter in fair people than in darker races and is dependent upon the amount of pigment in the pigment epithelium and in the choroid. In dark races the fundus is almost dark grey (Fig. F11). Plural: fundi. See fundus biomicroscopy; fundus camera; Hollenhorst's plaques; tapetum lucidum.
fundus reflex See fundus reflex.
salt and pepper fundus The appearance of the ocular fundus characterized by a stippling of dark pigmented spots and yellowish-red spots of atrophy, as is found in congenital syphilis, choroideremia, Leber's congenital amaurosis, rubeola, poliomyelitis, etc.
tessellated fundus A normal ocular fundus in which the choroidal pattern appears as roughly polygonal dark areas in between choroidal vessels because the retinal pigment epithelium layer is thin and the choroid heavily pigmented. Syn. tessellated retina; tigroid fundus; tigroid retina.
tigroid fundus See tessellated fundus.
Fig. F11 Diagram of the fundus of the right eyeenlarge picture
Fig. F11 Diagram of the fundus of the right eye

fun·dus

(fŭn'dŭs) [TA]
The bottom or lowest part of a sac or hollow organ; that part farthest removed from the opening or exit.
[L. bottom]

fundus

pl. fundi [L.] the bottom or base of an organ, or the part of a hollow organ farthest from its mouth.
Enlarge picture
Fundus of the cat. By permission from Sack W, Wensing CJG, Dyce KM, Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy, Saunders, 2002

fundus of bladder
the depths or cranial part of the urinary bladder.
fundus camera
used to photograph the fundus of the eye.
fundus of eye
the back portion of the interior of the eyeball, visible through the pupil by use of the ophthalmoscope.
fundus of gallbladder
the dilated portion of the gallbladder.
nasal fundus
the caudal extremity of the nasal cavity, occupied by the ethmoid bone.
nontapetal fundus
the nonreflective portion.
ocular fundus
see fundus of eye (above).
fundus reticuli sulci
floor of the reticular groove.
fundus of stomach
the part of the stomach to the left and above the level of the opening between the stomach and esophagus.
tigroid fundus
one lacking pigment so that underlying choroid vessels are visible as irregular stripes.
fundus tympani
the floor of the tympanic cavity.
unpigmented nontapetal fundus
lack of pigment permits larger blood vessels of the choroid to appear on fundoscopic examination. Seen in Siamese cats, dogs with merle coat color and Appaloosa horses.
fundus uteri
the part of the uterus between the cervix and the horns of the uterus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rise in ageing population globally has boosted the need of fundus cameras.
Macular Pigment Optical Density (MPOD) can also be measured and monitored for change using fundus imaging methods.
The subject of the public contract is the supply of fundus and devices for acute care for karlovy vary regional hospital as
The Visucam 200, which features Zeiss' renowned optics and non-mydratic colour fundus photography, will illustrate how practitioners can photograph through pupils as small as 3.
Table 20: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis forOphthalmic Diagnostic Devices by Product Segment -Ophthalmoscopes, Lens Meters, Slit Lamps, Tonometers,Perimeters, Corneal Topography Systems, Refractors,Diagnostic Imaging Systems, Fundus Cameras, and DiagnosticUltrasound Equipment Markets Independently Analyzed withAnnual Sales Figures in Units for Years 2010 through 2018(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-96
G-3 Three-Mirror Glass Gonio Fundus Lens Volks 1 no
01 What is the most appropriate clinical description considering the history and the fundus photograph shown in Image A?
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Safety is being assessed via vital signs, laboratory tests, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, dilated fungus examination, fundus photography, serial ECGs and elicited and observed adverse events.
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: acquisition of the fundus camera for research on small rodents.
02 Considering the history and fundus photograph shown in Image A, what are you most likely to see when examining the other eye?
Refractions to include dilated fundus exams and fundus photography is to be performed in the institutions.