0%) had had regular annual fundoscopy
was carried out in all patients.
There is often an apparent mismatch between the finding of densely clustered crystals, making fundoscopy
almost impossible, and minimal patient symptoms.
Detailed neurological examination including fundoscopy
and other systemic examination was carried out in all cases.
In order to detect any of the symptoms discussed above, a visual assessment of a child with a suspected tumour must include measurements of VA, cover test and ocular movements, visual fields (where possible), pupil size and responses, and fundoscopy
The assessment includes intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement, fundoscopy
, anterior eye segment examination, pachymetry, corneal topography, and aberrometry.
To find a particular type of retinal disorder, the patients were assessed through general ophthalmic examination, fundoscopy
, auto-fluorescence fundoscopy
(FFA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) by an expert ophthalmologist at Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Islamabad.
After detailed history and ophthalmic examination (IOP measurement, Watzke Allen test, Amsler grid, fundoscopy
using +90 Diopter lens and indirect ophthalmoscopy) patients who had clinically evident macular hole and after exclusion of other peripheral retinal tears were selected for 23 guage 3PPV.
The mainstay of diagnosis of CMV retinitis is fundoscopy
through a dilated pupil.
The patient had no eye symptoms and the retinal fundoscopy
was also within normal limits.
While some cases were embolic in nature, with post-incident fundoscopy
demonstrating intra-arterial steroid crystals, fundoscopic exam of other patients demonstrated only vasospasm.
, LE optic disc showed slight disc pallor.