functionalism

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func·tion·al·ism

(fŭnk'shŭn-ăl-izm),
A branch of psychology concerned with the function of mental processes in humans and animals, especially the role of the mind, intellect, emotions, and behavior in an individual's adaptation to the environment. Compare: structuralism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other professions might advance through single paradigm approaches, but the military struggles with what functionalists define as "the human domain" because human societies are complex (and, paradoxically, resist being fractured into "domains").
Through critical interpretation, I endeavor to show that his use of functionalist theory to construct a unified image of the social system with a relatively strong teleology toward integration is partly responsible for his confidence that society will respond powerfully to the destruction caused by markets.
Now as we saw, functionalists do have a response to this quandary, a response that is given in terms of the computer model of the mind.
Thus, functionalists belief that each institution and custom has a function and the reason for their existence is precisely the contributions they make for the survival of the society.
All these government failures trace back to what functionalists take to be an essential feature of genuinely professional work.
The critical approach in HR includes at least three arguments: (a) the Human Resources area is predominantly functionalist and/or positivist; (b) the Human Resources area represents the essence of the power and control exercised by organizations; and (c) the International Human Resources' approach explains, in practice, the neo-colonialist movements of the multinationals.
Jurgen Matthaus clearly adopts Browning's functionalist line in his analysis of the procedures that shaped anti-Jewish measures including arrests, confiscation of property, and exclusion from professions.
We can choose to continue to use a Westphalian paradigm that assumes that the state is the exclusive source of authority, that assumes and institutionalizes a weak form of international law, and that fails to provide tools to address our most pressing international problems, or we can choose a more scientific and open-minded functionalist paradigm.
Here again, functionalists will differ; but Lynch himself thinks that truth is manifested by something like good old-fashioned correspondence by structural isomorphism when it comes to our thought and talk about medium-sized dry goods, and something stemming from Crispin Wright's notion of superassertability (what he eventually calls "concordance") when it comes to moral or otherwise evaluative discourse.
In one instance, a company with a reputation for developing outstanding cross functionalists scaled back its training program after competitors made a practice of hiring away its newly trained managers.
Tawney made the functionalist perspective central to his 1920 book, The Acquisitive Society.

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