For example, he has a listing in one place of "models of action," that is, the event-causal, functionalist
, and teleological models (p.
belief that each institution and custom has a function and the reason for their existence is precisely the contributions they make for the survival of the society.
All these government failures trace back to what functionalists
take to be an essential feature of genuinely professional work.
The critical approach in HR includes at least three arguments: (a) the Human Resources area is predominantly functionalist
and/or positivist; (b) the Human Resources area represents the essence of the power and control exercised by organizations; and (c) the International Human Resources' approach explains, in practice, the neo-colonialist movements of the multinationals.
We can choose to continue to use a Westphalian paradigm that assumes that the state is the exclusive source of authority, that assumes and institutionalizes a weak form of international law, and that fails to provide tools to address our most pressing international problems, or we can choose a more scientific and open-minded functionalist
According to what Lynch calls "the functionalist
theory of truth," the property of being true--just like the property of being in pain, perhaps--is multiply realizable.
positivistic scientific thought favors a functionalist
, rational, linear
There are three normative arguments for enhancing NGO participation in policymaking: the functionalist
appeal for the use of expertise; the corporatist desire to involve the affected interests; and the pluralist belief in democratic policymaking.
Baum identifies four distinct approaches: positivist, functionalist
, conflictualist, and symbolic interactionist.
First, it discusses how any foundational philosophy or worldview can be positioned on a continuum formed by four basic worldviews or paradigms: functionalist
, interpretive, radical humanist, and radical structuralist.
More interested in highlighting the relative strengths and weaknesses of various "perspectives" than in writing a purely diachronic history of theories, Bell traces the genealogy of three broad methodological approaches: (1) those seeking the origins and/or essence of ritual; (2) functionalists
and structuralists; and (3) culturalists, including symbolists, linguists, "performance" theorists, and most recently, the "practice" theorists who have most deeply influenced Bell's own approach.
More specifically, functionalists
in search of generalizable, objective knowledge, require research to be systematic, comparative, replicative observation and measurement.