functionalism

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func·tion·al·ism

(fŭnk'shŭn-ăl-izm),
A branch of psychology concerned with the function of mental processes in humans and animals, especially the role of the mind, intellect, emotions, and behavior in an individual's adaptation to the environment. Compare: structuralism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of the many military professional reading lists, we chose those of both the 2014 Army chief of staff and the Air Force chief of staff to illustrate the dominance of the functionalist strategic outlook as the preferred paradigm for the military profession.
Merton points to problems with each of major functionalist stances, the holism and the focus on positive integration.
We have already indicated that there are certain dangers attached to the functionalist strategy.
The first quandary, recall, was how, if at all, we can reconcile the claim of the computer model of the mind that mental properties are abstract, with the basic functionalist claim that mental properties are constituted by causal connections.
Thus, functionalists belief that each institution and custom has a function and the reason for their existence is precisely the contributions they make for the survival of the society.
Building upon these insights--the fundamental structure of professional virtue and the essential role of professional institutions in promoting that virtue--the final section of Part II outlines a refinement of the functionalist theory of the professions.
This has been precisely the objective of this research work, which also tries to prove the suitability of the Functionalist theory of values, which is described below.
This is, in our opinion, where the value of this formalized proposal lies, setting it apart from other contributions in similar functionalist terms.
Most critical authors in the field classify HRM as functionalist, and several (such as Townley, 1993) as both functionalist and positivist.
We can choose to continue to use a Westphalian paradigm that assumes that the state is the exclusive source of authority, that assumes and institutionalizes a weak form of international law, and that fails to provide tools to address our most pressing international problems, or we can choose a more scientific and open-minded functionalist paradigm.
Jurgen Matthaus clearly adopts Browning's functionalist line in his analysis of the procedures that shaped anti-Jewish measures including arrests, confiscation of property, and exclusion from professions.

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