This type of leader believes in the superiority of team effort and functional differentiation
over individual genius.
We demonstrated that delivering key molecules for the differentiation of stem cells in vivo with these particles enabled not only robust functional differentiation
of motor neurons from transplanted embryonic stem cells but also improves their long-term survival," said Elena Kozlova of Uppsala University, co-director of the study.
Instead of focusing on the division of labour and functional differentiation
, they take vertical differentiation into account.
Before discussing functional differentiation
, however, Borch presents what he considers the major concepts of Luhmann's epistemological turn: observation, distinction, re-entry, and paradox.
Features such as ABS and ESP provide real functional differentiation
, yet remain largely invisible.
is the process by which social functions historically carried out by religious institutions and personnel are "taken over" in the modern era by more secular, specialized institutions and professionals.
The common features that Martens sees in the writings of Musil and Luhmann are a concern with functional differentiation
and contextual analysis, and the acknowledgement of contingency in the evaluation of events and behaviour.
On the one hand, this form of functional differentiation
is possible through what Niklas Luhmann has called the 'rejection of redundancy', i.
These contingent variables were not only used as controls for a test of national differences, but were also included in the study design as possible alternative explanations of organizational variance, by relating them to the configurational variables and to measures of the more qualitative aspects of organization structures, such as functional differentiation
, rigidity of functional differentiation
(Sorge 1991), and the intensity of coordination between design, production and sales.
In the village itself existing horizontal and vertical social segmentation gave way to a more open system of functional differentiation
Broadly, there is functional differentiation
between the parts: the wing is the office area in which the gymnastic and athletic associations have been brought together in (initially) a rather shotgun marriage; the tower is more devoted to visitors, with the double-height entrance hall topped by the cafeteria and, above that on the top floor, large formal boardrooms which look out over both the valley and the sporting grounds below.
Instead his concern is to show that the ideal type of a functional differentiation
between the roles of parties and unions was constantly violated--by both parties and unions--during the mid-1970s in France.