fumonisins


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fumonisins

(fyū-mōn-ĭ-sĭnz),
Mycotoxins frequently found in corn and corn products infected with Fusarium moniliforme, F. proliferatum, and Aspergillus ochraceus.
See also: mycotoxin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Distribution of fumonisins in maize ears infected with strains of Fusarium moniliforme that differ in fumonisin production.
It is often found alongside other fungi-produced toxins, particularly deoxynivalenol, nivalenol, and fumonisins.
Fumonisins are produced by the corn ear rot fungus Fusarium verticillioides, which is one of the most common pathogens of corn worldwide.
People typically encounter traces of dozens of potentially deadly agents in foods, Edgar observes, such as aflatoxins in peanuts and fumonisins in corn flakes.
Although no definite harm to human health from fumonisins has been determined, they cause sickness in horses and pigs and cancer in laboratory rats.
Fusarium graminearum, which infects mainly corn, wheat and barley, produces trichothecene mycotoxins such as deoxynivalenol (DON) while Fusarium verticilliodes (recently renamed from Fusarium moniliforme) is mainly a maize (corn) pathogen, and produces compounds called fumonisins (see Figure 1).
Environmental/agricultural substances including fumonisins, ochratoxin, deoxynvalenol, zearalenone, pesticides, pfiesteria toxin, polynuclear aromatics, and E.
A proposed European Community regulation sets a maximum level of 1000ug/kg for fumonisins (FB1/FB2) in corn oil, making it more important than ever to develop a comprehensive mycotoxin screen.
Major mycotoxins are trichothecenes, fumonisins, ochratoxin A, aflatoxins and zearalenone etc.
Atukwase A, Kaaya AN and C Muyanja Dynamics of Fusarium and fumonisins in maize during storage--A case of the traditional storage structures commonly used in Uganda.
Fumonisins, mycotoxins produced by Fusarium species: biology, chemistry and significance.