fumonisins


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fumonisins

(fyū-mōn-ĭ-sĭnz),
Mycotoxins frequently found in corn and corn products infected with Fusarium moniliforme, F. proliferatum, and Aspergillus ochraceus.
See also: mycotoxin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among these toxins are trichothecenes such as deoxynivalenol (DON), nivalenol (NIV), T-2 toxin, HT-2 toxin and diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS), zearalenone (ZEN), fumonisins and fusarins [4].
Aflatoxin, Ochratoxins, Trichothecenes, Zearalenone and Fumonisins are mycotoxins of greatest agricultural concerns (Vasanthi and Bhat, 1998).
Aflatoxins and fumonisins in corn from the high-incidence area for human hepatocellular carcinoma in Guangxi, China.
Chapter titles include the effects of toxicants on immune function, antioxidants in health and disease, novel natural antioxidants, mycotoxins produced by fusarium species, fumonisins and pulmonary edema in swine, can fumonisins in food be detoxified.
On the basis of adverse effects on human and animal health and widespread contamination, aflatoxins, deoxynivalenol (replaced in some areas by nivalenol), fumonisins, ochratoxin A and zearalenone are considered as the most important mycotoxins on a worldwide scale [1].
The mycotoxins of greatest agricultural and public health significance include aflatoxins, ochratoxins, trichothecenes, fumonisins, zearalenone, and ergot alkaloids (Cleveland et al.
We examined whether or not maternal exposure to fumonisins increases the risk of NTDs in offspring using a population-based case-control study.
It is also recognized that mycotoxins occur commonly as mixtures; most notably for the present study, aflatoxins would be expected to co-occur with fumonisins in maize (IARC 2002), and the role of possible interactions between these co-contaminants in the underlying mechanisms of growth impairment is of interest.
1] is the most abundant and toxic of the known fumonisins and has been associated with many animal diseases, including equine leukoencephalomalacia (2), porcine pulmonary edema (3), and liver and kidney tumors in rats (4).
Because maize is the staple diet of the South African rural population, there is an increased risk of consumption of fumonisins.
Commission recommendation of 17 August 2006 on the presence of deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, ochratoxin A, T-2 and HT-2 and fumonisins in products intended for animal feeding.
Also of public health concern is another type of mycotoxin that frequently contaminates maize, the fumonisins, produced by several species of Fusarium fungi (Shephard et al.