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Herbal medicine
An annual herb that contains alkaloids, fumaric acid, mucilage, resin and tannic acid; it is a mild laxative, diuretic and stimulates the flow of bile, and has been used to treat skin conditions and liver complaints.
Toxic effects
Large doses may cause stomach ache and diarrhoea.


n Latin name:
Fumaria officinalis; part used: flowering parts, leaves; uses: laxative, diuretic, epidermal maladies, biliary disease; uses under research: arrhythmias; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children; patients who suffer from convulsions or elevated internal pressure within the eye; can cause lower pulse and blood pressure, convulsions with over-use, nausea. Also called
earth smoke, hedge fumitory, and
wax dolls.
Enlarge picture

fumatory, fumitory

References in periodicals archive ?
Dermalogica's Environmental Control System skincare products contain botanicals such as lemon, fumitory and fumaric acid which create an anti- ozone shield for the skin, counteracting reactive ozone before it causes harm.
Family Name (Latin and Common): Fumariaceae, the Fumitory family
If they are yellow it is Corydalis lutea but if they are a pinky-purple, then it is the closely-related Fumitory, probably Fumaria purpurea.
Her fallow leas The darnel, hemlock, and rank fumitory Doth root upon, while that the coulter rusts That should deracinate such savagery; The even mead, that erst brought sweetly forth The freckled cowslip, burner, and green clover, Wanting the scythe, all uncorrected, rank, Conceives by idleness and nothing teems But hateful docks, rough thistles, kecksies, burrs, Losing both beauty and utility.