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Herbal medicine
An annual herb that contains alkaloids, fumaric acid, mucilage, resin and tannic acid; it is a mild laxative, diuretic and stimulates the flow of bile, and has been used to treat skin conditions and liver complaints.
Toxic effects
Large doses may cause stomach ache and diarrhoea.


n Latin name:
Fumaria officinalis; part used: flowering parts, leaves; uses: laxative, diuretic, epidermal maladies, biliary disease; uses under research: arrhythmias; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children; patients who suffer from convulsions or elevated internal pressure within the eye; can cause lower pulse and blood pressure, convulsions with over-use, nausea. Also called
earth smoke, hedge fumitory, and
wax dolls.
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fumatory, fumitory