However, hand-held probe application of fumigant is considered undesirable for several reasons: It puts workers in close proximity to fumigant hoses and discharge points; it involves large amounts of labor to auger and refill tree planting sites to facilitate probe and fumigant penetration in the soil; and it is relatively slow compared to conventional shank fumigation
of an orchard.
In a series of experiments, Liu tested phosphine fumigation
under high levels of oxygen against four insects and at different life stages: western flower thrips adults and larvae, leaf miner pupae, grape mealy bug eggs, and Indian meal moth eggs and pupae.
No live animals of any kind are required for the fumigation
tests you are currently undertaking.
This shows that the Colombian government considers aerial fumigation
the only eradication method, even though it has been proven that spraying destroys food crops, aggravating the food and health situation of border communities," argued Jimenez.
We can work much quicker than with fumigation
and, unlike with fogging and sprays, heat kills all stages of an insect's life cycle.
htm) was used to evaluate the HEPA/vaccine (Figure 1) and fumigation
According to a report released by the Interamerican Association for Environmental Defense (AIDA, in Spanish), the fumigation
program has never been subject to a comprehensive environmental impact statement.
To call attention to the destructive fumigations
and the role of the corporate lobby in policy-making, the National Mobilization on Colombia (with over 80 endorsers) is calling for a day of nonviolent action to challenge U.
The researchers tested fumigation
power by incubating bay leaves in jars with flea larvae.
is designed to get rid of the base of support of the guerrillas, but it is actually strengthening the guerrillas.
counter-narcotics aid to Colombia ranging from $37 million in 1996, when fumigation
of Colombian coca began, to $325 million in 1999.
CAMARILLO - Ventura County Superintendent of Schools Charles Weis urged school officials Wednesday to consider a toxin-free alternative to pest, bacteria and toxic mold fumigation
at county schools: heat.