frontal lobe syndrome


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frontal lobe syndrome

behavioral and personality changes usually observed after a neoplastic or traumatic frontal lobe lesion. The patient may become sociopathic, boastful, hypomanic, uninhibited, exhibitionistic, and subject to outbursts of irritability or violence. In other cases the person may become depressed, apathetic, lacking in initiative, negligent about personal appearance, and inclined to perseverate. Partial frontal lobectomy was formerly performed by some psychosurgeons to reduce drive in extremely disturbed psychotic patients, but the results were highly questionable.

fron·tal lobe syn·drome

(frŏntăl lōb sindrōm)
Constellation of symptoms associated with damage to the frontal lobe of the brain that includes impairment of planning function, lack of inhibition, hypomania, depression, apathy, and neglect of personal appearance.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 4-degree scale was used for clinical assessment of organic personality changes, or frontal lobe syndrome: 0 denoting no symptoms of frontal lobe syndrome, 1 for mild, 2 for moderate, and 3 for severe frontal lobe syndrome.
Descriptive statistics was generally used, whereas t-test for dependent samples was used to determine the significance of difference in the expression of frontal lobe syndrome in time function and significance of difference in the results obtained by the Cornell personality questionnaire scales and EPI profile of emotions; univariate analysis of variance was used to test the significance of sex differences.
The first question was whether patients submitted to brain artery aneurysm surgery experienced organic personality changes, especially in terms of frontal lobe syndrome, and what was the course of these changes with regard to the time elapsed from surgery.
1%) had no symptoms of frontal lobe syndrome in the first testing period, ten (13.
Medications for frontal lobe syndrome include typical and atypical antipsychotics, dopamine agonists, and mood stabilizers
Frontal lobe syndrome reassessed: comparison of patients with lateral or medial frontal brain Damage.
Frontal lobe syndromes may present with different clinical pictures varying according to the affected part of the lobe.
That detection led to the diagnosis of frontal lobe syndrome, Olson said.
Table 2 Frontal lobe syndromes Syndrome Characteristics Dorsolateral Deficits in executive functioning, including organization and behavior planning Orbitofrontal Prominent disinhibition Medial-frontal Apathy, abulia Source: Reference 15