To investigate the possible involvement of oxidative stress in the OVX-induced cognitive impairment and the effects of miroestrol, we determined the MDA level, a biomarker for lipid peroxidation, in the frontal cortex
and hippocampus of experimental animals.
TDP-43 immunostaining of frontal cortex
and hippocampus was negative.
2009a), because WM typically requires frontal cortex
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated elevated GABA levels in the thalamus and adjacent basal ganglia and decreased NAA levels in the frontal cortex
, indicating neuronal dysfunction in a brain area not primarily targeted by Mn.
These findings are supported by other research that shows that the brain continues to mature through a person's 20s, and that the frontal cortex
of the brain is one of the last sections to fully mature.
In the present study, we evaluated the activities of antioxidant enzymes and oxidative degradation by measurement of lipid peroxidation products in hippocampus, cerebellum, striatum, and frontal cortex
of young male rats after chronic administration of MPH.
The anterior cingulate cortex is a primitive part of the brain and the higher frontal cortex
is controlling that," he explained to delegates.
The frontal cortex
is important in planning, impulse control, and attention.
Stimuli first processed by the amygdala pass through the hippocampus to the frontal cortex
for long-term storage, and as such it appears to play a major role in the processing of memories from "implicit" (amygdala) to "explicit" (cortical).
The brain of the insomniac remains more activated, even during sleep: Beta activity, which is associated with wakefulness, is increased over normal levels, and activity in the anterior cingulate and medial orbital frontal cortex
, associated with alertness and attention, is higher.
A stimulus - like an unexpected bouquet of roses or a ``Dear John'' letter - sends biochemicals like endorphins and dopamine (for happiness) in certain sequences to the brain's frontal cortex
The Role of the Human Orbital Frontal Cortex
in Taste and Flavor Processing