thrush

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thrush

 [thrush]
infection of the oral mucous membrane by the fungus Candida albicans; called also oral candidiasis. It is characterized by white patches on a red, moist inflamed surface, occurring anywhere in the mouth, including the tongue, but usually on the inner cheeks, occasionally accompanied by pain and fever. Approximately 20 to 30 per cent of people harbor C. albicans, but the disease develops in only a small number. Those most susceptible are infants and adults who are in a weakened condition from infection, malnutrition, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, prolonged treatment with antibiotics, or immunodeficiency. Thrush is sometimes regarded as a minor infection, yet it can persist for weeks or even months, especially in young babies and immunocompromised patients. It is treated with antifungal agents. The best preventive measures are good general health, a well-balanced diet, adequate rest, and good mouth hygiene. The Infectious Disease Society of America has published “Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Candidiasis” on their web site, http://www.idsociety.org.

thrush

(thrŭsh),
1. Infection of the oral tissues with Candida albicans; often an opportunistic infection in humans with AIDS or those suffering from other conditions that depress the immune system; also common in normal infants who have been treated with antibiotics.
2. In veterinary medicine, refers to moist putrifying condition of the equine hoff affecting the area called the frog; producing necrotic foul-smelling black discharge; may extend into the medial and lateral sulci, eroding them, and may involve the bars and sole area. Left untreated, the frog may be undermined and permanent structural damage may ensue.
[fr. the thrush fungus, Candida albicans]

thrush

(thrush) candidiasis of the oral mucous membranes, usually seen in sick, weak infants, or persons who are debilitated or immunocompromised, characterized by creamy white plaques resembling milk curds, which if stripped away leave raw bleeding surfaces.

thrush

(thrŭsh)
n.
1. A contagious disease caused by a fungus, Candida albicans, that occurs most often in infants and children, characterized by small whitish eruptions on the mouth, throat, and tongue, and usually accompanied by fever, colic, and diarrhea.
2. An infection of the frog of a horse's foot, characterized by a foul-smelling discharge and often resulting from unhygienic stall conditions.

thrush

Etymology: Dan, troeske, dryness
candidiasis of the tissues of the mouth. The condition is characterized by the appearance of creamy white patches of exudate on an inflamed tongue or buccal mucosa. It is usually a benign condition in normal children but may be a sign of human immunodeficiency virus infection. See also candidiasis, stomatitis parasitica.
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Thrush
A popular term for oral and mucocutaneous candidiasis, first used by Samuel Pepys in 1665, which is characterised by erythematous intraoral lesion overlaid by white, creamy patches that correspond to necrotic debris, squames, fibrin, inflammatory cells, fungal hyphae and bacteria
At risk groups Infants, immunocompromised patients, malnourished patients in poor health, or post-antibiotic therapy

thrush

Pseudomembranous candidiasis A popular term for oral and mucocutaneous candidiasis, characterized by erythematous intraoral lesion overlaid by white, creamy patches, which correspond to necrotic debris, squames, fibrin, inflammatory cells, fungal hyphae and bacteria At risk groups Infants, immunocompromised Pts, malnourished Pts in poor health, or post-antibiotic therapy

thrush

(thrŭsh)
Infection of the oral tissues with Candida albicans; often an opportunistic infection in patients with AIDS or other disorders that depress the action of immune system.
[fr. the thrush fungus, Candida albicans]

thrush

Infection with the common fungus of the genus Candida , especially by the species Candida albicans . Thrush mainly affects the warm, moist areas of the body such as the mouth or the vagina but any part of the skin may be affected. There is persistent itching or soreness and characteristic white patches, like soft cheese, with raw-looking inflamed areas in between. Thrush also causes vaginal discharge. The condition is treated with antifungal drugs, such as CLOTRIMAZOLE, MICONAZOLE or NYSTATIN, in ointments, creams or PESSARIES.

thrush

  1. an acute or chronic condition produced by the fungus Candida albicans in which lesions occur in the mucous membranes of mouth, vagina and respiratory tissues. Thrush can occur also in skin areas that are subjected to long periods of immersion in water.
  2. a member of the PASSERINE genus Turdus.

Thrush

A disease of the mouth, caused by Candida albicans and characterized by a whitish growth and ulcers. It can be diagnosed with the KOH test.

thrush

(thrŭsh)
Infection of the oral tissues with Candida albicans; often an opportunistic infection in patients with AIDS or other disorders that depress the immune system.
[fr. the thrush fungus, Candida albicans]

thrush,

n (candidiasis, moniliasis), a disease caused by
Candida albicans and characterized by white patches that scrape off with some difficulty, leaving bleeding bases. This term usually is used for the intraoral disease, whereas
moniliasis is applied to the condition in other areas of infection by the yeast, as well as in the oral cavity. See also candidiasis; moniliasis.

thrush

chronic, superficial, necrotic lesion of mucosa or epithelium.
1. stomatitis of the newborn caused usually by Monilia spp. See also candidiasis.
2. alimentary tract mycosis in birds usually associated with infection by Monilia, Candida spp.
3. a chronic disease of the horn of the sole of a horse's foot. Fusobacterium necrophorum is usually present and the smell is offensive.

thrush-breast heart
alternating strips of myocardium in cases of myocardial degeneration in which some of the strips appear more yellow than the others.
crop thrush
see thrush (2) (above).
frog thrush
see thrush (3) (above).