The remaining 16 chapters walk through case studies of placing restorations on implanted patients with multi-tooth gaps, free-end
situations, and single-tooth gaps in the maxilla, mandible, or anterior maxilla.
Free-end attachment cord sets without connectors are used in re-wiring direct attachment irons, toasters and similar small appliances.
Range and dryer cords are free-end types, commonly called "pigtails," attached directly to the appliance.
A series of pressure tests were carried out at different hoop stresses using both fixed-end and free-end enclosures.
Free-end enclosures fasten to the pipe and allow the generation of a longitudinal tensile stress as well as a hoop stress when an internal pressure is applied to the pipe.
The C-ring results were higher than the pressure test results using both free-end enclosures and fixed-end enclosures.
At one hour, the hoop stress for the free-end line of best fit is 41.
The effect of increasing residual stress on free-end specimens is greater than on fixed ends.
Ignoring residual stress, the one hour yield stress calculated for the free-end test is 36.
The hoop stress at rupture for free-ends is 15% higher than for fixed-ends only when there is no residual stress.