free exercise


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free exercise

An exercise carried through with no external assistance.
See also: exercise
References in periodicals archive ?
It rejected the free exercise claims of students who were expelled from the state university for refusing to participate in required classes in military instruction.
But it properly puts off some of the constitutional questions (involving issues like Sabbath law and religious tax exemptions) that implicate both free exercise and establishment clause questions.
The celebrated First Amendment simply places a prohibition on Congress by saying that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.
In such circumstances, under the First Amendment's Free Exercise Clause, perhaps the judges should hesitate to uphold the statute.
10) In this view, free exercise is based on the recognition that attempting to control religious beliefs and actions threatens liberty, embroiling the state in questions that matter little for purposes of civil government but implicate strong feelings and beliefs for individuals.
In recent years, the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment (1) has not received a lot of attention from the Supreme Court or the circuit courts of appeals.
2d at 408 (concluding that "the Free Exercise Clause .
The assistant chief alleged that the investigation violated his rights under the free exercise and establishment clauses of the first amendment by causing him to suffer extreme embarrassment, anxiety, and fear in the pursuit of his religious beliefs.
First, free exercise protects religious minorities from interference by the majority representing either no religion or other religions.
When properly interpreted, Evans argues, the Free Exercise clause becomes one of the central foundations of American pluralism, justifying groups in the maintenance of their particular lifeways and forms of practice in the face of state activities which might otherwise tend to erode group difference and produce a dangerous homogeneity.
The state guarantees the Church the free exercise of its mission, as regards worship, pastoral government, education, etc; recognizes the validity of the sacrament of marriage; regulates the teaching of religion in public schools; and favours the collaboration of Church and state in preserving the nation's cultural heritage.