All societies generally tried to avoid the creation of large financial reserves, which they regarded as contrary to the idea of fraternalism, too much resembling the banking business and opening the door to corruption (Beito 2000, 131).
His "General Explanatory Memorandum" about the NIA praised fraternalism and promised to avoid all shortcomings of the German model (bureaucracy, malingering) through known and time-tested means that the societies had used for decades (Hennock 1987, 188).
Thus, with the arrival of later generations who had no previous experience with fraternalism, friendly societies lost their battle, and after decades of flourishing they began to decline (Alborn 2001, 588).
Beyond Christianity, Daniel Soyer has recently explored the relationship between fraternalism
and American Judaism in "Entering the `Tent of Abraham': Fraternal Ritual and American-Jewish Identity, 1880-1920," Religion and American Culture 9 (1999): 159-82.
Fraternalism was a strategy that helped workers assert some financial and social control over their lives in a shifting social and economic environment.
Fraternalism helped mitigate the destructive effects of industrial capitalism on workers' sense of self-determination and financial security.
Clifford Putney, "Service Over Secrecy: How Lodge-Style Fraternalism
Yielded Popularity to Men's Service Clubs," Journal of Popular Culture 27 (1993): 179-90, 180.
Alpha Omega, which promotes professional excellence and fraternalism
, bestowed the organization's highest honor, Alpha Omega's Lifetime Achievement Medal, at a dinner gala held in San Diego, Calif.
To this end, NPPA provides continuing educational programs and fraternalism
without bias, as we support and acknowledge the best the profession has to offer.
The chapter seeks to advance the art and science of public relations in the public interest; to encourage research, discussion and study of the problems and techniques of the public relations profession; to strengthen and maintain the highest standards of service and ethical conduct by all members of the profession; to exchange ideas and experiences and collect and disseminate information that may enhance or improve the professional knowledge, standards, ethics and standing of the membership; and to promote fraternalism
within the profession.
This is fraternalism
at its finest hour," says Nicholson.
Under the banner of fraternalism
, the company harmed and exploited the very people who supported AAL and trusted it over the years.