fowl

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Related to fowls: domestic fowl, foals

fowl

(foul)
n. pl. fowl or fowls
1. Any of various birds of the order Galliformes, especially the common, widely domesticated chicken (Gallus domesticus).
2.
a. A bird, such as a duck, goose, turkey, or pheasant, that is used as food or hunted as game.
b. The flesh of such birds used as food.
3. A bird of any kind.

fowl′er n.

fowl

domestic fowl. A member of the genus Gallus of the family Phasianidae, the pheasant family. Characterized by a fleshy comb, earlobes below the eyes and wattles from below the beak, long, drooping hackle feathers on the neck of the cock, pendent, lancet-shaped covert feathers on the wings, upward curving sickle feathers in the tail of the male, jointed spurs on the legs of the cock bird and well-marked sexual dimorphism.
There are many breeds of domestic fowl but they have diminished in importance with the expansion of the broiler and egg industries, most enterprises carrying their own genetic strains identified by code numbers. Some of the more common breeds are identified under the headings: brahma, cochin, cornish, english game, langshan, minorca, orpington (Buff and Black), plymouth rock, rhode island red, silkie, sussex, white leghorn, wyandotte and many breeds of bantam.
For most entries relating to fowls see under avian.

fowl cholera
a contagious widespread disease of fowls caused by Pasteurella multocida and manifested by septicemia with sudden onset, rapid spread, short course and high mortality. There may be diarrhea and dyspnea.
fowl coryza
a serious, widespread, respiratory disease of fowls caused by Avibacteriumparagallinarum and characterized by acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and air sacs. It is characterized by an acute onset of mucoid or serous nasal discharge, facial edema and conjunctivitis, swollen wattles, diarrhea, reduced feed intake and a heavy culling rate.
fowl manna grass
glyceriastriata.
fowl paralysis
fowl paratyphoid
an important cause of wastage in commercial birds, especially turkeys occurring as outbreaks of severe enteritis in young birds caused by Salmonella spp. including over 100 species.
fowl pest
fowl plague
see avian influenza.
fowl pox
see fowlpox.
fowl tick
see argaspersicus.
fowl typhoid
a disease of fowl and turkeys caused by Salmonella gallinarum. It affects only adult hens and is rare in modern, hygienically managed commercial flocks. There is weakness, diarrhea and anemia. The course is short and case mortality is high.
References in classic literature ?
All that afternoon the rocky sides of the valley rang with successive reports, and the superb plumage of many a beautiful fowl was ruffled by the fatal bullet.
Your notion of a fowl is an ugly bird with a green tail, a Wellington nose, and--gimme a bit of cheese.
Quebec and Malta lay the cloth for dinner, while Woolwich, serving, as beseems him, under his father, keeps the fowls revolving.
That, of course, came first (incorrectly); and it reminded me of my thirst, which the blood of the fowls had so very partially appeased.
The idea of being led up to the Doctor with Arthur for bagging fowls quite unmans and takes half the run out of him.
Yet I saw abundance of fowls, but knew not their kinds; neither when I killed them could I tell what was fit for food, and what not.
It was the family custom when the day recurred, to sacrifice a pair of fowls on the altar of Hymen; and Bella had sent a note beforehand, to intimate that she would bring the votive offering with her.
The only evil I couldn't prevent was to keep a broiled fowl from drying up.
The poor fowl was thin, and covered with one of those thick, bristly skins through which the teeth cannot penetrate with all their efforts.
D'Artagnan placed himself at the table, and began a hearty attack upon his fowl.
Much I marvelled this ungainly fowl to hear discourse so plainly, Though its answer little meaning -- little relevancy bore; For we cannot help agreeing that no living human being Ever yet was blessed with seeing bird above his chamber door -- Bird or beast upon the sculptured bust above his chamber door, With such name as "Nevermore.
Much I marvelled this ungainly fowl to hear discourse so plainly, Though its answer little meaning--little relevancy bore; For we cannot help agreeing that no living human being Ever yet was blessed with seeing bird above his chamber door-- Bird or beast upon the sculptured bust above his chamber door, With such name as "Nevermore.