founder

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Related to foundered: laminitis

foun·der

(fown'dĕr),
1. A person who contributes to the initial genetic structure of a population and is liable to contribute to a large proportion of the genes in the descendants from it.
2. In veterinary medicine a common name used for laminitis, a serious, painful inflammatory and venous congestion condition affecting the hooves of horses leading to severe lameness and sometimes, rotation of the third phalynx, dropped sole, hoof wall separation or sloughing and in chronic cases, a malformed foot with progressive development of a flat foot with a ringed hoof wall that curves up and forward at the toe (foundered).

founder

(foun′dər)
v. foun·dered, foun·dering, foun·ders
v.intr.
1. To stumble, especially to stumble and go lame. Used of horses.
2. To become ill from overeating. Used of livestock.
3. To be afflicted with laminitis. Used of horses.
n.

founder

References in classic literature ?
Next day we were picked up by the brig Hotspur, bound for Australia, whose captain found no difficulty in believing that we were the survivors of a passenger ship which had foundered.
There has been no storm at sea; the weather has been constantly calm, not even the lightest gale; and even if we had had a tempest, all our boats would not have foundered.
Some foundered, some went ashore, and broke up, several rammed one another by accident and sank.