foot joints

foot joints

approximately 40 joints within the foot (many of the 26 bones articulate with two or more adjacent bones); Table 1
Table 1: Joints of the foot
JointArticulations
AnkleInferior margins of the tibia and fibula, with the trochlear surface of the talus
The medial and lateral malleoli articulate with the medial and lateral aspects of the talus
Subtalar (STJ) or talocalcanealInferior aspect of the talus with the anterior two (or three) facets at the superior surface of the calcaneum
Midtarsal (MTJ) or transverse tarsal
(1) Talonavicular (TNJ)
(2) Calcaneocuboid (CCJ)
The talonavicular and calcaneocuboid joints are continuous
The anterior aspect or head of the talus with the posterior aspect of the navicular (at the medial aspect of the foot, and superior point of the medial longitudinal arch)
The anterior aspect of the calcaneum with the posterior aspect of the cuboid (at the lateral aspect of the foot)
Cuneiform (CJ)The anterior aspect of the navicular with the posterior aspects of the three (medial, intermediate and lateral) cuneiforms, which lie adjacent to one another transversely across the midfoot and also articulate with one another at their medial/lateral aspects
The posterior two-thirds of the lateral aspect of the lateral cuneiform articulates with the medial aspect of the cuboid
Tarsometatarsal (TM)The anterior aspects of the cuneiforms articulate with the bases of the first, second and third metatarsals
The anterior aspect of the cuboid with the bases of the fourth and fifth metatarsals
Metatarsophalangeal (MTPJ)The heads of the metatarsals with the bases of the proximal phalanges
The medial and lateral grooves at the plantar aspect of the head of the first metatarsal with the deep aspects of the medial and lateral sesamoids
Interphalangeal (IPJ)
Proximal interphalangeal (PIPJ)
Distal interphalangeal (DIPJ)
The head of the hallucal proximal phalanx with the base of the distal phalanx
The heads of the proximal phalanges (2-5) with the bases of the respective intermediate phalanges
The heads of the intermediate phalanges (2-5) with the bases of the respective distal phalanges
References in periodicals archive ?
This way the loading points were approximately matched with the position of corresponding foot joints in the shoe: 10 mm from the footplate toe end--PIPJ, 40 mm--MTPJ, 70 mm--TMTJ and 100--MTJ (corresponding forces [F.
There was tenderness in both knees and foot joints, and particularly in the heels, according to his joint examination.
Physical examination revealed no swelling on any joints but there was tenderness on bilateral hand and foot joints with palpation (at the proximal interphalangeal, metacarpophalangeal, ankle and metatarsophalangeal joints).
Objective: The aim of the study was to see the radiographic appearance (erosions and joint space narrowing [JSN]) in hand and foot joints of patients of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)coming to a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan.
They then create a highly personalized treatment program that combines Orthopulse Duolith with customized manual therapy of affected foot joints and soft tissues, and then application of specific foot wraps that are designed to support the healing and regeneration process.
Participants were 15 professional ballet dancers (4 males and 11 females; age range, 19 to 36 years) experiencing chronic pain in the hip, knee, spine, ankle, or foot joints.
The "bright and sensitive" little girl underwent seven operations in India late last year on her abnormally stiff and enlarged legs and foot joints, costing the impoverished family, who cannot afford to send their three children to school, more than Dh100,000.
They collected the worms from live birds that had been caught to be banded and described that the infected sites were frequently hock and foot joints.
The joint pain was of symmetrical distribution involving small hand and foot joints and was also accompanied by early morning stiffness lasting more than an hour.
The second review also found that the use of orthotics is beneficial as a means of shock absorption for the foot in athletes engaged in high impact sports activities and indicated that orthotics could be used to correct the malalignments of the foot joints (Lockard, 1988).
That procedure reduces ankle pain but often limits mobility, causes a limp, and can lead to arthritis in nearby foot joints.