foot joints

foot joints

approximately 40 joints within the foot (many of the 26 bones articulate with two or more adjacent bones); Table 1
Table 1: Joints of the foot
JointArticulations
AnkleInferior margins of the tibia and fibula, with the trochlear surface of the talus
The medial and lateral malleoli articulate with the medial and lateral aspects of the talus
Subtalar (STJ) or talocalcanealInferior aspect of the talus with the anterior two (or three) facets at the superior surface of the calcaneum
Midtarsal (MTJ) or transverse tarsal
(1) Talonavicular (TNJ)
(2) Calcaneocuboid (CCJ)
The talonavicular and calcaneocuboid joints are continuous
The anterior aspect or head of the talus with the posterior aspect of the navicular (at the medial aspect of the foot, and superior point of the medial longitudinal arch)
The anterior aspect of the calcaneum with the posterior aspect of the cuboid (at the lateral aspect of the foot)
Cuneiform (CJ)The anterior aspect of the navicular with the posterior aspects of the three (medial, intermediate and lateral) cuneiforms, which lie adjacent to one another transversely across the midfoot and also articulate with one another at their medial/lateral aspects
The posterior two-thirds of the lateral aspect of the lateral cuneiform articulates with the medial aspect of the cuboid
Tarsometatarsal (TM)The anterior aspects of the cuneiforms articulate with the bases of the first, second and third metatarsals
The anterior aspect of the cuboid with the bases of the fourth and fifth metatarsals
Metatarsophalangeal (MTPJ)The heads of the metatarsals with the bases of the proximal phalanges
The medial and lateral grooves at the plantar aspect of the head of the first metatarsal with the deep aspects of the medial and lateral sesamoids
Interphalangeal (IPJ)
Proximal interphalangeal (PIPJ)
Distal interphalangeal (DIPJ)
The head of the hallucal proximal phalanx with the base of the distal phalanx
The heads of the proximal phalanges (2-5) with the bases of the respective intermediate phalanges
The heads of the intermediate phalanges (2-5) with the bases of the respective distal phalanges
References in periodicals archive ?
They then create a highly personalized treatment program that combines Orthopulse Duolith with customized manual therapy of affected foot joints and soft tissues, and then application of specific foot wraps that are designed to support the healing and regeneration process.
The "bright and sensitive" little girl underwent seven operations in India late last year on her abnormally stiff and enlarged legs and foot joints, costing the impoverished family, who cannot afford to send their three children to school, more than Dh100,000.
They collected the worms from live birds that had been caught to be banded and described that the infected sites were frequently hock and foot joints.
Strikingly, the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints, wrist and foot joints were not affected.
This implant technology from SI-BONE has been previously used successfully in well over 1,000 cases of dysfunctional foot joints.
That procedure reduces ankle pain but often limits mobility, causes a limp, and can lead to arthritis in nearby foot joints.
Usually, RA first affects hand and foot joints and later the disease spreads to larger joints.
These types of orthotics are mainly designed to control motion in two major foot joints, which lie directly below the ankle joint.
These devices are designed to control motion in two major foot joints.
As you walk or run, air-filled cushions shift air from heel to toe to stabilize your foot joints and reduce the risk of injury from impact.
Adults and children who go barefoot or wear sandals are believed to have fewer foot deformities and more flexible foot joints.
At first, Turner and his colleagues noticed bone loss near hand, arm, leg and foot joints typical of rheumatoid arthritis damage.