foot drop


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foot drop

Loss of the ability to bend the ankle so that the foot rises. This may be due to disorders of the lower spinal cord or of the nerves to the muscles that flex the ankle. Foot drop seriously interferes with walking. A foot brace may be necessary.

foot drop

paralysis/weakness of all or some extensor/dorsiflexor lower-leg muscles (i.e. tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor hallucis brevis, peroneus tertius) due to upper or lower motor neurone lesions (see Table 1), or traumatic severance of common peroneal nerve at neck of fibula, causing loss of dorsiflexion during gait; deceleration at heel contact is lost, the foot 'flaps' into contact with the ground surface, and toes drag against the floor during swing phase of gait; ambulation is assisted by use of an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO), preventing uncontrolled ankle joint plantarflexion
Table 1: Effects of damage to upper and lower motor neurones
Upper motor neurone lesionLower motor neurone lesion
ParalysisSpastic-type contractureFlaccid-type contractures may develop
Tendon reflexesExaggerated; hyperreflexiaReduced/absent; hyporeflexia
Plantar responseExtensor (Babinski's sign positive)Flexor (= normal; Babinski's sign negative)
Extraneous muscle activityNo fasciculations/fibrillationsFasciculations and fibrillations
References in periodicals archive ?
Although many MS rehabilitation specialists believe physical therapy is the best first treatment for foot drop, a common solution is a brace, usually made of plastic, called an "ankle foot orthosis," or AFO.
Foot drop is partial leg paralysis that prevents the foot from lifting, causing instability and making walking difficult.
People with upper motor neuron injuries or diseases often experience gait movement disorders such as foot drop, which is a result of partial leg paralysis.
The agreement is intended to increase the availability of the NESS L300 among all OPGA O&P members and to improve the care for persons with foot drop, suffering from neurological disorders including stroke, multiple sclerosis, incomplete spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury and cerebral palsy.
Hundreds of thousands of people living with foot drop will now have access to technology that can allow them to regain their functionality and independence," President of IN, Inc.
Foot drop is a partial leg paralysis that prevents the foot from lifting, causing instability and making walking difficult for persons suffering from conditions such as incomplete spinal cord injuries, stroke, traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis and cerebral palsy.
The NESS L300 Foot Drop System is designed to help patients suffering from foot drop walk more safely and easily.
Foot drop is a partial leg paralysis that prevents the foot from lifting - causing instability and difficulty walking in persons suffering from conditions such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy and incomplete spinal cord injuries.
New Wireless System for Foot Drop Helps Stroke Patients Regain Mobility and Achieve Greater Independence
Nath is a reconstructive microsurgeon specializing in the treatment of brachial plexus injuries, winging scapula injuries, prostate nerve injuries, foot drop, facial paralysis, and nerve tumors.
TripleFlex is a first of its kind device that corrects hip, knee, and foot drop while putting energy back into the patient's step
Foot drop is the dropping of the forefoot due to weakness and it is characterized by the inability to dorsiflex the ankle.