foodborne botulism

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1. any poisoning caused by Clostridium botulinum in the body; it produces a neurotoxin called botulinum toxin.
2. specifically, a rare but severe, often fatal, form of food poisoning due to ingestion of improperly canned or preserved foods contaminated with Clostridium botulinum. Called also foodborne botulism. Symptoms include vomiting, abdominal pain, headache, weakness, constipation, and nerve paralysis (causing difficulty in seeing, breathing, and swallowing), with death from paralysis of the respiratory organs. To prevent botulism, home canning and preserving of all nonacid foods (that is, all foods other than fruits and tomatoes) must be done according to proper specific directions.
Treatment. Treatment is determined based on the type of botulism, but careful respiratory assessment and support are always required. An antitoxin to block the action of toxin circulating in the blood can be used for foodborne and wound botulism if the problem is diagnosed and treated early.
foodborne botulism botulism (def. 2).
infant botulism that affecting infants, typically 4 to 26 weeks of age, marked by constipation, lethargy, hypotonia, and feeding difficulty; it may lead to respiratory insufficiency. It results from toxin produced in the gut by ingested organisms, rather than from preformed toxins.
wound botulism a form resulting from infection of a wound with Clostridium botulinum.

foodborne botulism.

See botulism.
References in periodicals archive ?
To provide a descriptive epidemiology of outbreaks of foodborne botulism in Canada during 1985-2005, we analyzed data from laboratory-confirmed outbreaks (in Canada, because of the urgency of the disease, 1 case of botulism constitutes an outbreak) in terms of case numbers and rates, demographic characteristics of patients, length of hospitalization, food types, outbreak settings, serotype, and circumstances of occurrence.
More rarely, outbreaks of foodborne botulism in the United States, India, and China have been caused by neurotoxigenic C.
Foodborne botulism outbreaks, cases, deaths, and case-fatality rates, by 5-year intervals, Canada, 1985-2005 No.
In the contiguous states and Hawaii, 102 foodborne botulism events occurred, which affected 160 persons; a median of 9 events (range 4-13) and 14 cases (range 4-30) took place per year.
Foodborne Botulism Cases with No Food Vehicle Identified
During the period under study, 37 cases of botulism were reported by state health departments as foodborne botulism attributable to an unknown food; these represented 14% of all cases.
Foodborne botulism occurred among inmates at 2 prisons in California in 2004 and 2005.
Foodborne botulism is a rare paralytic disease caused by ingestion of preformed botulinum toxin in food contaminated with Clostridium botulinum, an anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium that is ubiquitous in the environment.
Exposed persons with signs or symptoms compatible with foodborne botulism were referred to the regional hospital for further evaluation and treatment, if necessary.
Almost half of the cases of all types of foodborne botulism in the United States occur in Alaska, which has 0.
Foodborne botulism in Alaska, 1947-985: epidemiology and clinical findings.
For example, although observed incidence rates of foodborne botulism were very high among children aged <1 year, these cases might be infant botulism reported as foodborne botulism.