food-borne disease


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food-borne disease

,

FBD

Illnesses caused by the ingestion of contaminated or toxic nutrients. Among the food-borne diseases are infectious diarrheas (e.g., those caused by Salmonella, Shigella, cholera, Escherichia coli, Campylobacter); helminth diseases (e.g., those caused by beef, pork, or pike tapeworms); protozoan infections (e.g., giardiasis); food poisoning (toxins produced by Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium botulinum, mushrooms, or ciguatera); and viral illnesses (esp. hepatitis A).

Proper selection, collection, preparation, and serving of food can reduce the risk of food-borne disease, esp. if combined with regular inspections of food-service facilities and periodic evaluations of food-service workers.

Disease Trends

An increase in food-borne illnesses has been seen in recent decades, probably as a result of increases in foreign trade and travel and the increased consumption of raw foods.

References in periodicals archive ?
WHO also issued the first findings from what is a broader ongoing analysis of the global burden of food-borne diseases.
Ice cream contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus resulted in two food-borne disease outbreaks.
Consequently, leveraging the FWRA program is a double-edged sword that allows higher risk food operations to be considered for use but requires an increased focus on food-borne disease mitigation.
The "Guide about food-borne diseases," is aimed at those who work in the food safety and health sector.
Recent outbreaks of food-borne diseases associated with fresh produce mean fruit and veg can expect greater scrutiny in the future.
Thus, publication bias can undermine physicians' ability to interpret the publicly available data on food-borne disease, he said.
We report an outbreak of food-borne disease among schoolteachers at Rob Ferreira High School in White River, Mpumalanga, in December 2006, which occurred after eating food prepared by the school kitchen.
It was the second most reported cause of food-borne disease in humans in Europe with 176,395 people suffering from infections in 2005, (approximately 38 people in every 100,000).
A case study is presented of a food-borne disease outbreak associated with fresh produce and the actual costs of it to the industry.
Many ranchers oppose an identification system out of fear that liability for food-borne disease might end up on their doorsteps," says Kilman.
Gastroenteritis at a University in Texas is the third in the Food-borne Disease Outbreak Investigation Case Study Series.
Los Angeles County's restaurant grading system - one of the few of its kind in the state - has resulted in a 13 percent decline in hospitalizations for food-borne disease, a study released Thursday found.

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