food requirements

food re·quire·ments

(fūd rē-kwīr'mĕnts)
The generalized need for nutrients across a broad spectrum of people or animals, subject to amendment in individuals.

food requirements

The need for various amounts and types of food according to a person's use of energy. It is calculated that an average healthy man (154 lb or 70 kg) performing light to moderate muscular work requires 2700 kcal/day, while an average healthy woman (128 lb or 58 kg) requires 2000 kcal/day. These needs are met through the intake of carbohydrate, protein, and fat. An estimation of the protein requirement for the average adult is 1 g of protein per day for each kilogram of their ideal weight. Generally, a woman requires fewer calories per day than a comparably active man because of her smaller build. Sedentary individuals generally require fewer calories. On a body weight basis, children and pregnant women require more calories than predicted to support growth and development. Febrile patients have an increased basal energy expenditure of about 12% for each degree centigrade of fever. It is generally agreed that a diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grains and has adequate minerals (including calcium) and vitamins is superior to diets that are rich in fats and sugars.
calorie; diet; energy expenditure, basal; nutrition;
References in periodicals archive ?
A Spokesman for the agriculture extension department said here on Thursday that farmers should cultivate approved varieties of potato over maximum space because its production not only played a pivotal role in meeting food requirements of people but it helped growers in mitigating his financial issues.
The wheat fulfills food requirements of poor villagers for the entire year.
A spokesman for the AARI said here on Friday that sesame was playing a vital role in meeting food requirements, therefore, its cultivation should be made on maximum space.
Lubinda revealed, Zambia is looking for investors to help the country increase agricultural productivity so that it can meet the ever increasing food requirements for both local and regional markets.
Using a state of the art POS system has helped this business quickly understand the food requirements in order to successfully manage inventory.
With its population growing at three times the global average, the GCC region is increasingly depending on imports to meet food requirements.
He said with the change of life patterns of the old days under which Sri Lankans used to get their food requirements from the home garden itself, we have become dependent on a pattern of ship to mouth existence and the situation would aggravate unless we change our food pattern and return to the mode of getting our food requirements from our own home courtyard.
The aim of our study was to estimate the total kill rate on reindeer at different relative abundances of lynx and wolverine using published data on diet and food requirements for lynx and wolverine, taken together with the meat available on killed reindeer.
Summary: Monetary contributions from company employees to take care of a month's food requirements for 300 displaced families.
Spokesman Andrew Mackintosh said: "Many of our customers use Suma as their main supplier of whole foods but had to find other suppliers to fulfil their frozen food requirements.
ie said: "Lunch should supply your child with one-third of his or her daily food requirements.
The Paraguayan minister, for his part, called for a better cooperation with Iran, saying that his respective country is one of the most important food producers being ready to provide the Iranian food requirements.